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Portable Hammock Stands for Camping by Derek Hansen


No trees for that hammock? No problem.

This is irony: I’m a hammock camping fanatic, surrounded by the largest contiguous Ponderosa Pine forest in North America, yet I moved into a neighborhood devoid of trees. My entire 2-acre lot is barren, and while I’ve planted a few trees, it will be years before I’ll be able to hang anything more than a bird feeder. To make matters worse, I live in the American Southwest, a region known more for red rocks and sand dunes than forests and trees.


So for the past few years I’ve collected and even built a variety of hammock stands out of necessity. Like any good recreationist, I know the value of testing gear in the backyard before proving it in the field. But these hammock stands serve a more practical purpose beyond the casual backyard test. I’ve often found myself in areas where pitching a hammock was a challenge, and where having a portable hammock stand would have been ideal. Here are a few examples:

  • Improved campgrounds where camping is restricted to specific “plots” and trees are not reachable
  • Hanging hammocks on trees is not allowed (in certain national and state parks, for example)
  • At group camping events (e.g., bicycle touring; local or national scouting camporees or jamborees) where you must camp in large fields
  • On river trips where camping is restricted to sandy riverbanks
  • At locations where there is no vegetation–no trees, no nothing (e.g., much of the American Southwest: Arches, Escalante, Grand Canyon, etc.)
  • Above the tree line

I’ve learned many (often expensive and even painful) lessons during this “collection” process. First, most traditional backyard spreader bar hammock stands are not designed for most camping hammocks, nor are they engineered to accommodate a tarp. Some portable hammock stands are simply too heavy and bulky for anything but car camping, and some stands are too complicated or require unique handling to work correctly. Other portable stands require significant anchoring (and more real estate) to work properly, while others are free-standing.


Good or bad, some of the best stands for camping hammocks are do-it-yourself projects, some more complicated to construct than others. If you’re comfortable with do-it-yourself projects and have the necessary tools and know-how, these stands can be a fun to make. But don’t let the “DIY” label scare you — some of these stands can be assembled without any tools in just a few minutes.

After spending a lot of time buying and building stands, I’ve gravitated to the following criteria when evaluating them for hammock camping:

  1. Is it truly portable (e.g., it can break down and fit in my sedan)?
  2. Is it easy to assemble in the field (especially with just one person)?
  3. Is it affordable?
  4. Can it accommodate a tarp without flexing?
  5. Is it structurally sound and sturdy?
  6. Can it hold more than one hammock?

Items one through three are arguably very subjective. What you can afford in terms of cost, assembly time, and transportation are as variable as the user. I’ll argue that items four and five are mandatory, as you don’t want to compromise your health or safety with a stand that fails or cannot hold a tarp taut in severe weather. Number six is a bonus item, and not often applicable, but it’s handy if, like me, you often camp with friends or family.

The following list of stands isn’t meant to be exhaustive and is not ordered by any means, but it illustrates some of the options that fit my criteria, within reason.

Do you have a hammock stand that you prefer that’s not on this list? Let me know in the comments.

  • Portable Pipe Stand (DIY)
  • Byer of Maine Vario Hammock Stand
  • TurtleDog/Tripod Hammock Stand (DIY)
  • 2×4 Hammock Stand (DIY)
  • Handy Hammock Stand
  • 3-Person Hammock Stand (DIY)
  • Anchored Pole Stand (DIY)
  • 3-Pole, 3-Person Tensegrity Stand (DIY)


Portable Pipe Stand (DIY)

Portable: Breaks down into six pieces that can fit into a trunk with the back seat down. Six ft (1.8 m) pipe lengths. Packs down flat.

Field Assembly: 1 person. Moderately easy. Steel components are heavy. I leave the “feet” assembled for easier assembly.

Affordable: $180 depending on pipe size, etc.

Fits a tarp: Yes. This stand is just over 12 ft (3.7 m) long and fits most hammock tarps.

Flex: No flex.

Sturdy: Very sturdy. All-steel construction. Make sure all fittings are tight.

Comments: This is the stand I use when I do hammock demonstrations. It’s car portable, easy to assemble, and doesn’t flex. I was able to buy the parts from a local hardware store and build it without any special tools within a few minutes.


Byer of Maine Vario Hammock Stand

Portable: Breaks down into five pieces that can fit into a trunk with the back seat down. The legs are the most cumbersome as they don’t lay flat.

Field Assembly: 1 person. Easy. Steel components are heavy.

Affordable: $180

Fits a tarp: Yes. This stand is adjustable and you can even buy an extension adapter to go really long (up to 180 in/457 cm).

Flex: It does flex, although less than most backyard stands.

Sturdy: The Vario is steel and very solid. The only weak points are where the screw knobs connect, but when properly fitted, there is no worry over construction.

Comments: The best commercial backyard hammock stand I’ve tested that works with camping hammocks (with deep sags). It’s adjustable and has worked with even my longest hammocks. This was the stand I used to take on demonstrations, but the poles flex when you get in, making the tarp sag. Other commercial stands aren’t high enough for Brazilian-style hammocks


TurtleDog/Tripod Hammock Stand (DIY)


Portable: Breaks down to as few as three pieces that can fit into a trunk with the back seat down. The tripods can be built in a variety of ways for easier storage, but most use long struts.

Field Assembly: 1 person. Easy.

Affordable: $0 to $100s+

Fits a tarp: Possible. Depending on how you build this stand. The top rail is the limiting factor on whether a tarp will fit over the hammock.

Flex: No flex.

Sturdy: To improve the structural integrity, some folks recommend adding a rope around the base of the tripods to prevent them from flaying outward.

Comments: This is one of the more popular do-it-yourself hammock camping stands, probably because it can be built in the field if materials are readily available. The rigid top rail prevents the stand from flexing, making it possible to hang a taut tarp above the hammock. This stand can be constructed a variety of ways, including using wood/bamboo struts with a tripod lashing and a top rail, or using hinges, bolts, and steel beams.

Hennessy Hammock patented a variation of this stand that they’ve used at multiple Boy Scout World Jamborees. The beauty of this tripod-based stand is that it can grow to accommodate multiple hammocks, creating a hammock village.



2×4 Hammock Stand (DIY)


Portable: Requires tools to unfasten bolts, but can be disassembled into as few as 3 pieces. Some can fold into just one piece.

Field Assembly: 1 person. Easy.

Affordable: $100+

Fits a tarp: Possible. Depending on how you build this stand. Longer stands will support tarps better.

Flex: No flex.

Sturdy: Sturdy construction, depending on materials used.

Comments: A lot of people have gotten very creative with fencing pipe, poles, and wood struts, creating hammock stands to suit their own needs. This is one of the more popular examples using construction materials to assemble the stand. The 2×4 stand can be built to fold down and then carried in the bed of a truck. It’s not as portable than other stands due to its pack size and weight.


Handy Hammock Stand


Portable: Folds up and is backpacker-friendly.

Field Assembly: 1 person. Moderately easy.

Affordable: $99

Fits a tarp: Possible. The struts can be pulled apart to accommodate a tarp.

Flex: No flex.

Sturdy: Very sturdy. Uses tensegrity to maintain structure. Requires good staking.

Comments: This is the only backpacker-friendly stand on the market. At approximately 1 kg, this stand can be easily portaged, carried, and packed to nearly any destination. For beaches, Handy Hammock sells longer “beach stakes” that keep the stand sturdy in soft sand.

For more photos and modifications, check out my Handy Hammock review.


3-Person Hammock Stand (DIY)

Portable: Breaks down to three struts, rope, and stakes. Hard to fit in a sedan trunk.

Field Assembly: 1-2 person. Moderately easy.

Affordable: $40

Fits a tarp: Yes.

Flex: Slight flex, depending on rope used.

Sturdy: The design is based on tensegrity, which channels compressive forces through the struts. It is remarkably sturdy.

Comments: I used the instructions from bweebweebwee.com and found the design to be rock-solid, even with cheap rope. This stand takes up a good amount of real estate, but it is a great center piece at a camporee and can double as a group kitchen area and lounge. This is the only stand that can easily accommodate more than one hammock by design.


Anchored Pole Stand (DIY)


Portable: Breaks down to two struts/pipes, rope, and stakes. Can be hard to fit in a sedan trunk if the struts are too long (put the seats down!).

Field Assembly: 1-2 person. Moderately easy.

Affordable: $40+

Fits a tarp: Yes.

Flex: Slight flex, depending on rope used.

Sturdy: The design is similar to the Handy Hammock design but the force distribution varies depending on construction.

Comments: This is a fairly simple design, but solid anchoring is very important. If the design is tweaked so the struts are at a 60-degree angle, more compressive forces are placed on the struts instead of pulling directly up on the stakes.

This anchored pole design can be used when you only have one tree or support to anchor your hammock. A commercial variation of this is the Byer of Maine Madera stand (below). It uses two struts and one tendon/anchor, but it works much in the same way.


Let me reiterate the importance of good anchoring with these stands. Depending on the angle of the strut/pole, you can exert more load on the anchors than they are designed for. I recommend getting 2 ft (61 cm) or longer rebar as stakes and pounding them in at a 60-degree angle away from the struts for maximum support.


3-Pole, 3-Person Tensegrity Stand (DIY)


Portable: Breaks down to three (or more) strut/pipe sections, rope, and stakes. Can be hard to fit in a sedan trunk if the struts are too long.

Field Assembly: 2 person. Moderately challenging.

Affordable: $100+

Fits a tarp: Yes.

Flex: Slight flex, depending on rope/”tendons” used.

Sturdy: Tensegrity can be very strong and sturdy, but this stand is not exactly “free-standing” in every respect and requires stake-outs, especially if only one person is hanging.

Comments: This is one of those physics-defying stands that doesn’t look like it should work. When I first saw it, I had to try it. I will say that this stand is complicated to build. There are much easier stands to construct and assemble in the field. However, this one gets a lot of “oh-my-gosh-this-is-cool” points, even if it takes 30+ minutes to finally assemble.

When this design was first attempted, a lot of people wondered if it would be free-standing. In practice, it isn’t. The stand requires some good anchoring to prevent tipping, especially with one occupant. I tried making this stand using sections of fence pipe. The fence coupling I used wasn’t strong enough and eventually bent, collapsing this stand on top of me. If you use pole sections, be sure the sections have strong couplings and do not bend.

Derek Hansen
Derek Hansen

About Derek Hansen

Derek Hansen is a lightweight backpacker, Scoutmaster, and “hammock enthusiast” who enjoyed his first hammock hang at age 14 at a Boy Scout High Adventure base. Derek rediscovered the wonders hammock camping 16 years later in Virginia, and has been avoiding the ground ever since. Derek maintains a blog on hammock camping and lightweight backpacking at TheUltimateHang.com, and is the author/illustrator of The Ultimate Hang: An Illustrated Guide to Hammock Camping.

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  1. Good MYOG article. Thanks!

  2. Great info, I really enjoy DIY! I recently completed a DIY tarp and hammock that awaits its maiden voyage.

  3. Wow. You’ve really done your research. Good work!

  4. Thanks all! Do-it-yourself projects can be very rewarding, even if it “costs” more in time.

  5. That’s quite a variety of options. I agree that DIY projects are more rewarding. I’d probably go with the anchored pole setup because it looks like the lightest DIY configuration. Thanks for the ideas, Derek.

  6. Ah… Doney parks winds. We still hammock ourselves despite the lack of trees.

    • You recognize my hood? :) Yes, we still hang without trees (although, you don’t have to walk far to get back into the forest).

  7. Top notch article. If hammockers are one thing, they are inventive. I’ve got a MYOG stand made of piping. It was a bit pricier than I hoped, but it’s fun to have an indoor option without ripping down the walls. Great book too Derek.

    • Thanks! Great to hear from you again. I do a lot of indoor hangs on my stands as well, especially when I’m testing gear. It’s just so convenient.

  8. On your DIY pipe stand you keep in your house, how do you suspend your hammock. I’m completely new, have your book and get the gyst of the stand but can’t wrap my head around how your hammock is tied up without sliding down the poles. I’ve had an eno singlenest for a couple years and sadly haven’t had the time to hang it up due to my very urban environment…..and kids.

    • I can relate! I also drilled eye bolts into the walls in my kids’ room so we can do bunk bed hammocks indoors. It’s always a lot of fun.

      For the pipe stand, I just use webbing straps. I haven’t had any slipping problems. I first wrap the strap a few times around the pipe and then through the sewn eye loop. I wrap above and below the strap and it really binds well.

      The straps I prefer to use in demos are either the ENO Atlas straps or the KAMMOK Python straps. They are functionally similar in providing several daisy chain loops along the webbing so I can attach different hammocks quickly and easily with just a climbing carabiner.

  9. Your magnificent post on hammocks, exhaustive but not exhausting! opens a whole new world for me, after years of sleeping at bug-and-snake level while camping. Thank you!

    • You’re welcome, and thanks. I can be a windbag when it comes to hammocks and I work hard at being concise, although it doesn’t always work. I appreciate your kindness!

      When I re-discovered hammock camping, the idea of sleeping off the ground had great appeal. I had grown tired of the post camp clean-up, which involved sweeping out the tent, scraping the slugs and wet leaves off the floor, and then drying everything out. It was mind-numbing and took the fun out of camping. You could say that hammock camping appealed to my inner laziness, but I like to think of it as simplifying. Of course, hammock camping can get as complex as any tent, but I still gravitate to simple setups, and getting off the bugs, snakes, and wet leaves is also appealing.

  10. Great article! Thank you for this info! The Byer of Maine Madera stand seems very portable. Can two stands be used together to create a treeless hammock hang? Thanks again.

  11. Yes, you could use two stands, but a lot of force is being held by a single stake. If you are looking for a stand you can easily carry, I’d go with the Handy Hammock. A tripod stand doesn’t require any stakes.

  12. Would the Portable Pipe Stand still work if the 6′ sections were replaced by two 3′ sections and a connector? If so it would then pack down smaller and fit in a car trunk without folding the seat down. (I have a difficult time figuring out where the stresses are on these structures.)

    I appreciate your knowledge and your skill and generosity in sharing it. I love your blog and your book.

  13. John, the smaller sections might work. I’ve never tried it and I’m not a pipe expert. If I were to use smaller pipe I’d probably go with thicker pipe (1.5 to 2 inch thick) to compensate. You’re introducing multiple weak points in the structure so I would be cautious.

    If trunk portability is more important, you might consider an anchored stand. You can use surplus military mast sections which come in 4 ft sections. They work great, but it’s not free standing.

  14. Hi Derek, I’m loving my pipe stand although it weighs a ton. Can you tell me what is the stand in the picture with the aircraft please? That looks very interesting. The problem I’ve had with most portable stands is that I’m pretty heavy and any pegs in the ground just pull out – even those fancy ones from Hammock Forums (can’t remember the name). I love the idea of the Handy Hammock, but I’m too heavy for it. I tried the single pole and pegs – the pegs came out. So far, the pipe stand has proved perfect but it’s just heavy and bulky. Thoughts on the stand in the aircraft pic?

  15. Kerri, the plane stand is a little more complex to construct and also requires staking, so it may not work for you. I would recommend the turtle dog stand, which is fairly easy to build, free-standing, and much lighter than the pipe stand. The 2×4 stand is also lighter and breaks down well, but there is more to construct.

  16. Hey Derek,

    I’ve been considering the pipe stand for a bit. I finally picked a hammock up for my wife and oldest daughter – haven’t decided what we’ll do for our 1 year old yet. What I had been thinking in my head was attaching another section of pipe at the top junction and into another pipe stand so there would be 2 parallel to each other. I figured this would allow two hammocks side by side…if only one needed to hang, i could run it on the diagonal. In addition, since the pipes are good for upwards of 300 lbs. or so, I can suspend one or two in bunk bed fashion for the kids.

    What are your thoughts?

  17. Derek – thank you for your reply. I asked my architect friend about replacing the 72″ sections with 2 x 36″ and here is his reply:

    “That piece is operating in a structural state called “bending” (or, more hopefully, the absence thereof).

    Bending is the hardest nut to crack. Bending forces are greatest at, you guessed it, the middle – right at the weakest point of your proposed seam.

    You might could design some sort of overlap splice or “scab/gusset’ to overcome this flaw but a simple connection will cause problems there.”

    I don’t know which 72″ section he is referring to but either way I don’t think this stand is the solution to my problem. I think I will go with the antenna mast poles stand even though the footprint is larger than I would like it to be.

    • I wonder if you could overcome the “bending” problem by splitting the poles into three equal pieces instead of 2. That way, the majority of the force is still in the center of the center pole. Your splits would be both above and below that point. As a bonus, three sections would be even more portable than two.


  18. Newbe 63 to hammock camping and looking at ideas and how to. I do not know anything about these spiral stakes, but might be something to test? thanks, Randy Petco Spiral Tie-Out Stake with Cable
    Super strong, solid steel shaft spiral stake with vinyl-coated cable tie-out. Just screw the spiral stake into the ground, attach the tie-out, and you’re ready to give your dog room to roam. Quick-and-easy-to-install spiral stake with arrowhead design screws into ground and stays firmly anchored. Super strong, solid steel shaft. Double welded. Features 360 degree swivel ring to attach tie-out cable. Strong galvanized steel aircraft cable with 920 lb. break strength. Crack-resistant UV-protected vinyl coating stops rust and corrosion. Smooth vinyl coating won’t scratch furniture or damage lawns. Safer and stronger than chain or rope tie-outs. Steel lock-snaps at both ends.

  19. I stumbled upon here in a hunt for some DIY hammock solutions, and I’ll be darned this is ALL the info I was looking for. Thank you so much Derek! And btw, the familyroom hammock pic is classic!

  20. What is the stand in the third picture with the planes?

  21. David, the stand with the planes is a pipe-style stand I would call a rocking horse stand. It requires staking. Looks cool but more involved to make.

  22. I’ve been brainstorming hammock stands for several years now. Just recently had this idea for making a stationary stand: bury 2, maybe 3-4′ long, sleeves of pipe in the ground angling away from the hammock, then using longer pieces of pipe, maybe 9-10′ in length and with eye bolts, slid down inside the buried sleeves to hang the hammock on.

  23. Terrific article.

  24. I just picked this hammock stand up off Amazon and am currently using it for my full-time sleeper inside my house. It seems to work great, sets up and breaks down in about 5 minutes, and will fit in the trunk of a car: Universal hammock Stand.

  25. There are so many ways to use a camp hammock I’m always impressed to see new ways they can be set up. It’s such a versatile outdoor item it’s no surprise they’re catching on with more campers.

  26. Derek, have you tried the BooneDOX Drifter yet?

    I’ve heard they are working on a tarp and bugnet solution.

  27. Derek, distance between my 2 trees 24 feet, too long. I am using one tree and a wood post to hang my 13 foot hammock. I’ve been told to use a 8-10 foot pole, 6X6 inches. Not sure how deep to bury it. Place the post 15 feet from tree, how far up the tree/pole do I attatch hammock? What would u recommend? Thank so much.

    • Twenty-four feet isn’t horrible. I do that in my backyard. To make long hangs work best, it’s good to have a ridge line on your hammock so the hammock maintains the right sag. If I were to bury a pole, I think 2 to 4 feet deep would be sufficient, but I would defer to building code (and use cement). Fifteen feet apart is a great distance. You can use my hang calculator to figure out hang points. http://theultimatehang.com/hammock-hang-calculator/

      • Or just hang from both trees (off to one side) and put a 6 foot pole up to raise one end of the hammock back up.

        A single tree hang, with the second tree acting as anchor for your pole.

  28. Hi Derek. I found this article while looking for a nice pic of a tensegrity stand. It was fun to see a picture of Troop 476’s hammock city under your “Turtle Dog” heading. We put some sort of hammock stand together every two years when we attend Peterloon, a regional Jamboree in Cincinnati. We’ve built several of the styles you describe, and will build a tensegrity setup this year.

    Troop 476 is very big into hammock camping, since it makes it so easy to camp pretty much anywhere in the woods. Hillsides, sticker-bushes, rocks, etc. are no problems.

    • Thanks Derek! I’d love to connect with that troop. I had no idea which troop it was, but I’d love to get better photos and stories to share on how they do hammocks with their scouting troop. If you can connect me, I’d appreciate it.

  29. I don’t have any trees in my backyard, and I’m not looking for a DIY project. I may want something I can “tear down” and bring in the car. I’ve been doing a little research on some stands I found locally.

    If it helps I’m planning on buying a eno hammock, or therma-rest around the same time..

    What is the difference or advantage(s) between 9ft and 12ft? It that for different type hammock (camping/brazilian), or to accommodate a larger person (I am only 5’8″)?

    Why do some come with a hook, and others with a y? does it matter which one I buy?

  30. Wow I had no idea that there were people out there that loved hammocks as much as me. I slept strictly out of a hammock for two years while I lived in the yucatan peninsula. I’m sorry friends, but they make the best hammocks in my humble opinion. I love the research you have done! I think I like the portable pipe or the Byer of maine vario stands. I want something that comes apart and can put in the back of a car or truck. If anyone has any other ideas i would love to know!

  31. Handy hammock – what’s the difference between the handy hammock and th handy hammock with connectors and shackles. I’m new to the hammock camping world and not sure which one to buy. I have an Eno hammock also so will be multi use. Thanks!

  32. Wow, you have some great info here! I have been in search of a portable hammock stand for years. I was just car camping at yet another State Park that doesn’t allow you to fasten anything to the trees. I just saw the Tato Gear Hammock Stand Kit with the Metal Pole Option. Not sure yet how long the electric conduit will have to be, but with their available Rail and Leg Extension Plugs, I should be able to cut them to a manageable size. Using a 9′ Hammock Bliss, 165 lbs. Also curious about proper distance between posts. The whole set up should come to 25-30 lbs. The kit is a little pricy, but if it works well, then it’s worth the price. It would seem to meet my other specs of needing no anchors points, packable, easy to set up…age creeping up, losing strength, and arthritic fingers. Find or make some stuff sacks, and I’ll be set for the next outing…if my son doesn’t commandeer it for his Eno. Have you seen this product yet?

    • Yes, I’ve seen it. He has a 2×4 option and a conduit option. I think the 2×4 would be less expensive and even lighter (perhaps). If you want to hang a tarp too, you’ll need at least 12 feet between the stands.

  33. Great write up Derek, always enjoy your gear reviews and you book is with us on every hang : )

    As an FYI for the DIY crowd I took a DIY EMT Conduit stand I saw an archived thread over at the hammock forums and put my own simple tweaks on it and resurrected an old idea. Several of us have made the stands and they are working great.

  34. I am very intrested in the portable hammock stand. Would like to know the price and can it be courier to Rustenburg. Is the shop in RSA?

  35. Any new info on the eno roadie Hamock stand? Not much on the stand yet?

  36. I just got an eno solopod for my eno dn. works great, very sturdy, very,very heavy, but will live in my back yard where I sleep several nights a week. This is a very good,but expensive stand. My previous stand was made from two 6′ 2″ diameter bamboo poles that were pegged out with 18″ steel “homey D” construction stakes. I used marine anchor line with a ridgeline that held everything in place even when the hammock was removed.The poles were 12′ apart. I also had a smaller, 4.6′ set of bamboo poles, and used amsteel whoopie slings for the stake outs. The distance between the poles is based on the length of your hammock, which is attached to each pole by endless loops larksheaded around each pole.The hammock is attached with biners. use real ones. Very portable, but you still need those heavy stakes,and a sledge to drive them in. At the beach you can bury hubcaps in the sand in the place of stakes. Much lighter and just as strong. Here in Florida bamboo is everywhere so the rig is cheap and lasts for years… It also looks really cool. Probably stronger than the handy and way cheaper.

  37. Here’s a neat little variation on some of the ideas above — I’ve not tried building one myself, but I’m considering it for my next cycle tour….

  38. Michael W Pourbaix

    Hey Derek, just wanted to chime in on my go to stand. It’s Ikea’s Garo stand. They run approximately $70, break down and setup is a breeze if you don’t leave the bolts attatched at major sections. The weight of your body keeps it all together. A tarp can be integrated with some DIY skills

  39. What do you folks use for stakes???

    I’ve tried and failed with those screw in dog tie outs?

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