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Winter Backpacking Gear List Explained

Winter Backpacking Gear List Explained

Winter backpacking is very different from three-season backpacking. It requires more gear, good decision-making, and many new skills. It’s almost like backpacking on a different planet because so many things you take for granted during the rest of the year are different.

For example, you need to melt snow to make drinking water and to keep your boots in your sleeping bag at night so they don’t freeze. You need extra flotation so you don’t sink into the snow and extra traction to avoid sliding on icy surfaces. You have to use special stoves and fuel for cooking that you don’t use the rest of the year, and the list goes on.

One of the best ways to understand the differences between winter and three-season backpacking is to look at the differences in the kind of gear you need to carry. I’ve done this in the form of an annotated gear list below, organized around the core activities that make up a winter backpacking trip. There’s a lot of information packed into this post about winter backpacking activities, gear requirements, and alternatives that I think you’ll find useful if this is new to you.

If you have questions, ask them in the comments. I’m happy to respond.

Winter Tent

This winter backpacking gear list is designed for use in temperatures down to zero degrees Fahrenheit for camping in protected campsites. At just under 27 pounds, without food, fuel, or water, it’s a good example of a lightweight winter backpacking gear list and the tradeoffs that you can make to reduce the weight of your winter gear without skimping on comfort or taking too many risks. For colder temperatures, you’d want to bring a heavier sleeping bag and a warmer mid-layer garment.

I’ve broken the gear list into the following sections:

  • Worn
    • clothing for hiking
  • Carried
    • clothing for layering
    • clothing for camp
    • hydration
    • cooking
    • navigation
    • electronics
    • first-aid
    • packing
    • shelter
    • sleeping
    • traction
  • Extras
    • specialized gear for more advanced trips

Clothing for Hiking

You don’t want to dress too warmly for winter hiking.  You’ll be carrying a much heavier pack than in summer, wearing heavier boots, and possibly snowshoes or crampons. Sweat is bad because it will accumulate in your clothes and cool you whenever you stop moving. This can snowball in crappy conditions and lead to hypothermia. If you start to sweat, strip off layers or slow down so your body generates less heat.

Baffin Borealis BootsLightweight double Insulated Boot48
Darn Tough Hiker Socks Cushioned2.4
Patagonia Capilene LW Cool LS JerseyLightweight6.7
Mountain Hardware Fleece HatLight enough for exertion0.8
Possumdown GlovesHighly breathable1.5
Ragged Mountain 1/2 Zip Intervale Fleece HoodieHigh collar, warm when wet, hood for extra warmth10.9
Ragged Mountain Interval Uncoated GaitersHighly breathable high gaiters4.3
REI Activator 3.0 Softshell PantsBreathable, stretchy15.5
Under Armor BoxersNon-chafing, some insulation3.2

It’s not unusual for me to backpack stripped down to my baselayer shirt, especially when hiking uphill. Normally, I can usually get by with a fleece hoody for top insulation when hiking or snowshoeing, but I’ll layer up with a shell if the wind picks up. Down under, I rarely wear long johns under my softshell pants because I get too hot when we’re moving. It has to get really cold and windy for me to layer rain pants over them.

My Baffin Borealis winter backpacking boots require some explanation. Called double insulated boots, they have removable liners. This is desirable in winter so you can sleep with your liners in your sleeping bag and not your entire boots. You do this to prevent the liners from freezing at night using your body heat. These Baffin Borealis boots are a real find because they’re super lightweight and you can walk easily in them. If your winter boots don’t have removable liners, you should be prepared to sleep with them in your sleeping bag.

Another alternative is to wear a vapor barrier liner or a plastic bag (Vapor Barrier Socks Using Reynolds Oven Bags) in a single layer boot, but you still may need to sleep with your boots if the liner leaks perspiration.

The Baffin Borealis Boot has a translucent TPU shell and separate insulated liner

Clothing for Layering

External temperatures or wind chill can vary widely on a winter backpacking trip, depending on the time of day, your location, and the amount of surrounding vegetation. It’s best to carry additional layers that you hold in reserve so you can layer up or off as conditions change. This is normal on winter hikes and backpacking trips, with people calling for layer breaks all the time.

OR Versaliner Sensor GlovesWind shell exterior, soft shell glove2.8
Enlightened Equipment Visp Rain PantsVery lightweight4.2
Marmot Softshell GlovesDries fast2
Outdoor Research Cornice MittensWaterproof shell mitts, limited dexterity w/Primaloft inner insulated gloves8.4
REI Drypoint GTX JacketW/B Shell with adjustable hood, hipbelt compatible pockets12.0
Sunglasses + CaseGlare protection4.2

Your extra layers should be easy to put on or take off and they should be packed where they’re easy to access in your backpack. This includes extra hats, extra gloves, jackets, pants, a buff (neck gaiter),  sunglasses, or goggles. If you wear big boots, bring rain pants than you can put on or take off without taking your boots off – usually pants with full or 3/4 side zips. My boots are small enough that I can put them on with just boot zip rain pants.

It will be rare for you to need your camping clothes during the day, with the exception of your big puffy jacket, if you stop for a snack or water break. But you have those warm extra layers in reserve if you need them.

My REI Drypoint GTX raincoat/winter shell deserves a little explanation. Other than the fact that it has a fully adjustable hood and velcro wrist cuffs, it’s nothing special. I use it mainly to block the wind. It’s much thicker and heavier than an ultralightweight 3-season raincoat like my Montbell Versalite Jacket, which is a little too cold to use in winter. I bought the Drypoint on the cheap, used from REI last year, for bushwhacking (which destroys clothing) and have been using it a lot this winter.

Melting Snow - Suited up in Down Parkas and Insulated Pants
Melting Snow – Suited up in Down Parkas and Insulated Pants

Clothing for Camp

Winter backpacking involves a lot of sitting around in the cold so you can cook and melt snow for drinking water. We do this to be social (because it’s fun) and to avoid dying from carbon monoxide poisoning in our tents or burning them down around us.

namedescriptionweight oz.
Darn Tough Hiker SocksWool socks2.4
Glasses hard caseProtect glasses when sleeping4
Montbell Mirage ParkaPuffy hooded insulation14.4
Montbell Thermawrap PantsInsulated Pants12.4
Mountain Hardware Dome Perignon HatReally warm hat2.1
Terramar Polypro LW BottomsSleeping baselayer5.9
Polar BuffNeck insulation2.8
Patagonia Capilene LW Cool LS JerseySleeping baselayer6.7

When melting snow or cooking dinner, you’re not moving, so you need to pile on the insulated clothing to stay warm. This typically includes a heavily insulated jacket, insulated pants, warm gloves, and head-gear, layered over your day time clothing if it’s dry or your sleeping clothes. You’ll often wear your regular winter boots in camp, but some people bring down booties to keep their feet warm.

Most of these extra “camp” layers are too warm to wear when you’re hiking, but you do need to carry them nonetheless. However, they can be used to augment the warmth of your sleeping bag: I use mine that way so I can take my zero-degree sleeping bag down to -10 degrees. I’m not that interested in camping in anything colder because it’s kind of unpleasant. It took me many years to admit this to myself, but when I did I was able to switch from a -25 degree sleeping bag to a much less expensive and lighter weight, a zero-degree sleeping bag.

40 Below Neoprene Water Bottle Insulators
40 Below Neoprene Water Bottle Insulators


The amount of water you carry on a winter backpacking trip usually varies between two and three liters, so you don’t have to stop and melt more using a stove during the day. You should shoot to have a half-cup of water left at the end of the day as a starter for melting more snow. If you try to melt snow in a dry pot, you’ll burn it and maybe hole your pot.

You’ll want to carry one bottle in an insulated container (foam or neoprene) outside your pack for easy access, positioned upside down so the cap doesn’t freeze. You can store the other bottles inside your backpack, snuggled among your insulating layers in order to save weight on added bottle insulation. You should carry your water in wide-mouth bottles which are less likely to freeze and easier to open if they do. I like to carry soft propylene wide-mouth Hunersdorf bottles in winter, which won’t crack if frozen and are easy to open while wearing mittens. If you can’t find these in stock (they are hard to find in 2020-2021), Nalgene’s White Polyethylene Bottles are also excellent and lighter weight than regular 32 oz transparent Nalgene bottles. You’ll probably want to carry three of them.

Forty Below Bottle Boots (1 liter)Neoprene insulated covers for 1 liter bottles3.8
Hunersdorf Bottle (1 liter)Wide mouth bottle4.8
Hunersdorf Bottle (1 liter)Wide mouth bottle4.8
Hunersdorf Bottle (1 liter)Wide mouth bottle4.8

If you can find water in liquid form, you still have to purify it. Boiling is an effective way to do this since you’ll want to heat it up anyway to keep it from freezing overnight. A Steripen can also be used. Chemical reactions are too slow in the cold and filters break if they freeze.

Red hot glow of a MSR Whisperlite Stove melting snow on full power
The red hot glow of an MSR Whisperlite Stove melting snow on full power


All this boiling and melting snow take a lot of time and stove fuel. I like to use a liquid fuel stove for winter because liquid fuel (white gas) is the highest BTU fuel available and it will burn down to -40F. While you can use a canister stove in winter, it becomes increasingly difficult to use under 20F. You can push that down to about 0 degrees with a special inverted canister stove like the Jetboil Joule. But liquid fuel is still the best all-around solution in my opinion and makes it easy to share fuel in a group since so many other people use liquid fuel stoves in winter. Stoves fail in winter and that extra redundancy is nice.

Evernew 1.3 L Titanium Pot w/handleWinter size for melting snow4
Light My Fire Fire SteelFire starter1
Mesh Stuff SackHolds winter stove kit together0.8
MSR 20 oz Fuel Bottle6.3
MSR WhisperliteWhite Gas Stove w/fuel pump11.4
WindscreenTitanium windscreen0.5
Aluminum Pie TinMakes a great white gas stove stand1
OP SackFood bag, heavy plastic1.3
Sea to Summit Delta Insulated MugWith cap, liquid measurements4
Victorinox Classic Swiss Army KnifeTiny little knife with scissors0.7

Packing space is at a real premium in winter, but winter cooking gear can be bulky. With the exception of my fuel bottle and insulated cup, my entire cook system fits in my stove pot, which keeps it nice and compact. At 1.3 liters, the pot is about as small as you can go for melting snow since you can only melt one bottle’s worth at a time.


Navigation needs can vary widely in winter. While a map can suffice if you’re on a well-used trail system and visibility is good, trails become more difficult to find in winter when they’re covered in snow, the horizon is fogged in, or the snow is so deep that the blazes are buried under your feet. I always carry a compass for route finding, but it takes some practice to be able to use it effectively in winter.

I also carry a whistle, something I carry all year, which is good for signaling companions when you can’t see them, like in dense fog or heavy vegetation. A whistle carries farther than the human voice and you can blow on it without becoming exhausted.

Fox 40 Plastic WhistleReally loud whistle0.1
Suunto M3 CompassAdjustable declination1.5

While I do use an iPhone and the GaiaGPS App, amongst others, for GPS navigation during the rest of the year, mostly I just use a map in winter and a compass. If I need it, I have a built-in GPS receiver and USGS maps in the Garmin inReach Explorer+ I carry for emergency use, but most of the time I keep it turned off.

The InReach Mini is much smaller than the InReach Explorer+ or SE+


I always bring a digital camera because I take a lot of photos, as well as a Garmin inReach Explorer+. The Explorer lets me send out periodic “OK” messages, which my wife appreciates, and would be useful in an emergency to contact Search and Rescue if I’m out of cellphone range. I like the inReach Explorer+ better than the InReach mini because it’s much easier to use with gloves. That’s important in winter because there are times when you can’t take off your gloves without risking frostbite. I also carry a phone because it’s a better way to contact search-and-rescue if a cell phone signal is available. I also use my phone to read books and to take notes.

Nitecore NU20 Headlampmicro-USB Rechargeable1.66
Canon G9 MKII Rechargeable Cameramicro-USB Rechargeable7.9
iPhone XRLightning-USB Rechargeable7.9
Garmin inReach Explorer+micro-USB Rechargeable7.6
Battery Pack and cords6.0

In the past year, I’ve also replaced my headlamp, camera, and satellite messenger with products that are micro-USB or apple lightning compatible so that I don’t have to carry device-specific batteries for them. I now carry a single 10,000 mAh battery pack and a few short cords so I can recharge them if needed. Standardizing around USB rechargeable devices has simplified my trip preparation and eliminated the need to throw out partially-used batteries after each trip.


I use the exact self-assembled first-aid kit in the winter that I carry the rest of the year. Nothing special: Benedryl, Aspirin, Advil, earplugs, Leuoktape for blister prevention. Some other odds and ends. You can find a complete list of my first aid contents here: Homemade Ultralight First Aid Kit. 

First aid kitSelf assembled6.6
Backpacks have many external attachment straps on their exterior that you can attach gear to.
Backpacks have many external attachment straps on their exterior that you can attach gear to.


One of the keys to reducing your winter gear weight is to keep the volume of the backpack you need as small as possible. That means carrying highly compressible gear and learning how to attach gear to the outside of your backpack using its external attachment system. The weight of your gear is important of course, but if you can keep the volume of your pack under 60 liters, you’re going to be way ahead of the game. This may require some compromises on your part, for example, not backpacking when temperatures are less than zero degrees, but you can’t have it both ways.

Hyperlite Mountain Gear Stuff SackAssorted Dyneema DCF stuff sacks3.5
Hyperlite Mountain Gear 3400 (55L) Southwest PackDyneema DCF backpack32.4
Hyperlite Mountain Gear Shoulder Pocket Dyneema DCF shoulder strap pocket for camera, phone.1.4
Trash compactor bagwaterproof pack liner2.0
Mini-binerAttach swiss army knife to pack0.1

My winter backpack is a Dyneema DCF Hyperlite Mountain Gear 3400 (55L) Southwest Backpack, the same pack I use for longer multi-day backpacking trips the rest of the year. I can fit all of the gear, food, fuel, and water I need for winter backpacking inside it or attached to the outside of the pack with extra room to spare. I’ve used slightly larger and heavier backpacks in the past, but this one weighs significantly just over two pounds. It opens from the top with a roll-top, which I find useful in winter because I can quickly find the gear I need.

Dyneema backpacks are not waterproof because you need to make holes in the fabric to sew on the shoulder pads and hip belt. I line my pack with a white trash compactor bag to keep its contents dry, and while I use stuff sacks or Ziploc baggies to organize gear, I pack a lot of clothes in my pack loose. I find that this reduces the pack space required by my clothes, eliminating the air gaps between other bulkier items inside my backpack. Experiment with this and see what you prefer.

The Black Diamond Firstlight Tent does not have a vestibule.
The Black Diamond Firstlight Tent does not have a vestibule.


My goto shelter in winter is a freestanding Black Diamond Firstlight Tent which I think is the best lightweight all-round winter backpacking tent made because it’s truly freestanding, making it easy to set up anywhere. It has very steep walls that shed snow well, good headroom, and has plenty of interior space since it’s designed for two (very friendly) people. I have an older model that weighs 43 ounces: the current version weighs in at 48 ounces.

Black Diamond Firstlight TentFreestanding, 4 season tent43

I don’t carry any tent stakes to pitch this tent. If I need anchors, I take apart my poles and use them as stakes (shown) or anchor the other guy out loops with other gear I carry, like snowshoes, crampons, or an ice ax. I rarely even bother to sinter (harden) the snow under the tent and just set it up. Since it’s freestanding, I can pitch it in less than 2 minutes, climb in, and change into dry clothes without standing around and getting cold. Freestanding tents are priceless in winter but few truly freestanding tents are made.


It’s not unusual to sleep for 12 hours on a winter backpacking trip, so you might as well make the most of it and be comfortable and warm. The key to this is bringing a warm sleeping bag and a thick sleeping pad with a high R-value. Many people like to bring two sleeping pads in winter and combine them to get the R-value (which is additive) that they need.

In 2020, several sleeping pad manufacturers including Therm-a-Rest, Sea-to-Summit, NEMO, and Big Agness rolled out a standard measure of R-values (called ASTM 3340) so you can compare their pads to one another. That standard has not been uniformly adopted by other manufacturers yet so you need to be cautious when comparing the sleeping pad R-values of other manufacturers with each other. Be especially wary of manufacturers who “estimate” the R-value of their sleeping pads. That said, R-values are often the only way to measure the thermal insulation of pads, so they remain useful for guidance.

For winter camping and backpacking, you want an R-value of 5 or 6, so that’s the amount of sleeping pad insulation I shoot for, and experience has proven this out.

NEMO Sonic 0 Sleeping BagRoomy winter bag48
REI Compression SackFor sleeping bag3
Therm-a-Rest Xtherm Sleeping PadR value=6.915
Therm-a-Rest Zlite Sleeping PadDoubles as sit pad8.1

I bring an insulated Therm-a-Rest XTherm inflatable mattress (R-value = 6.9 ) for comfort and a shortened foam Therm-a-Rest Zlite Sol sleeping pad, which serves as my sit pad during dinner when we sit on snow to cook and melt snow for drinking water. You don’t want to forget a sit pad on a winter backpacking trip or you’ll freeze your ass off!

I put the Zlite under the XTherm at night for additional insulation or use it as a doormat that I can kneel on. Foam pads like this are also preferred for shielding accident victims from hypothermia from the ground, which is why you see so many winter day hikers and backpackers carrying them on the trails. It’s good to have at least one in your group.

As I mentioned previously, I downgraded from a -25 degree sleeping bag to a 0-degree sleeping bag, when I realized that I don’t really enjoy backpacking in sub-zero temperatures. It took me a long time to realize this – nearly a decade. But after I switched to a 0-degree bag, I was able to switch to a smaller volume backpack, and so on, shaving more weight from my gear list. I still carry enough extra insulated clothing that I can take my 0-degree bag down to -10, but I’m also likely to postpone a backpacking trip if the weather forecast is that cold at night.

Kelty Cloud Backpack loaded with Snowshoes
Kelty Cloud Backpack loaded with Snowshoes


I always bring microspikes, snowshoes, and trekking poles on winter backpacking trips, so they have a permanent spot on my winter gear list. It’s important to replace the summer baskets on your trekking poles with snow baskets for winter travel. They really are an essential flotation aid for winter hiking.

Hillsound Trail Crampon UltraMicrospikes16.8
MSR Evo Ascent Snowshoes 22 inchBomber snowshoe64
Pacerpole Dual Lock PolesCarbon fiber w/snow baskets20.8

The MSR Evo Ascent Snowshoes I use are intended for climbing mountains and have a televator wire that lifts up under the heel to make them easier to climb slopes with. Their unibody plastic snowshoe is also much better off-trail than a snowshoe with an attached fabric deck because branches can’t become caught between the deck and the frame. I do a lot of off-trail hiking in winter and there’s a slight weight penalty (just a few ounces) for using these snowshoes instead of decked ones that are slightly lighter.

Extra Gear – As Needed

When I don’t need this extra gear, I’ll leave it at home. It consists of extra traction, navigation, and a shovel for digging out camp kitchen or vestibule trenches in deep snow.

Hillsound Trail Crampon Proratchet style crampontraction24.9
CAMP Corsa Ice AxeUL Ice axetraction10
Voile Telepro Avalanche Shovelfor digging snow furnitureshelter29
Smith Knowledge OTG Fan GogglesInternal fan to prevent fogging (hard to find in 2020-2021) mainly for use above treelineclothing6.1
Combo ClavaFace protection above treelineclothing2.4

The decision on whether to bring crampons or a GPS has a lot to do with the terrain where we plan to hike, the weather forecast, and trip reports that document local conditions that are posted by other hikers and backpackers.

Wrap Up

This 27-pound winter backpacking gear list is pretty streamlined and lightweight and should provide you with a good template of the gear required for winter backpacking and camping.  My advice – figure out what is right for you to be safe and comfortable, and suck it up if it weighs a bit more than you’d like. Winter backpacking gear IS heavier than three-season hiking gear, but if you can get your full-out pack weight for a two night trip under 40 pounds, including food, water, and fuel, that’s a good target weight to shoot for.

See Also:

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  1. Hey Philip,

    Great article, I always find your winter backpacking articles some of the most useful and unique you do. Few questions…

    Do you only bring 2 pairs of socks total? One for hiking, one for sleep? What if the hiking ones are wet/sweaty from the day before? Dry them out in the bottom of your bag?

    Do you bring a separate top baselayer for sleep or is that the same as you hike in?

    Also, do you still use the Unigear cleats you reviewed earlier in the year or have you found those lacking in some way?


    • I just dry my socks from the day before in my sleeping bag. In fact, I sleep with most of my clothing so it’s warm in the morning. Most of my trips are really just 1-2 nights in duration. I wear wool socks because they can go multiple days without a wash and often do. I thought I listed a separate top layer for camp/sleeping in. Jury is still out on those Unigear spikes. We decided we wanted to continue to test them out in harsh conditions.

      • Makes sense with the socks, I figured as much.

        You did list two separate top layers but since they were the same item, just wanted to confirm.

        Thanks for the tip about the Unigear spikes. I have a trip this weekend I may need some for and was wondering. Shouldn’t be too hard of conditions for them so maybe I’ll give them a try.

  2. Informative write up. By the way, as a Texas resident, it would have taken me less than a decade to figure out hiking in below zero temperatures isn’t much fun!

  3. Either, I learn something I did not know or reinforce the choices I’ve made every time I read one of your articles. Admittedly, I’m not likely to spend many a night in subzero temperatures but I do like to be out and about in the 4 seasons. Truly, your blog is the gold standard and my go-to for all sources outdoors

  4. Maybe a bit off the post topic, but nutrition seems pretty important. Started winter camping in 2018, and still don’t feel rounded out on this. Cheese and salami gets thrown out a lot, but I could use suggestions on other snacks that won’t break teeth and/or substantive meals for winter. Summer meal staples seem thin and watery by comparison in the waning moments of a January dusk.

    • I’m a big fan of frozen dinners in winter. Imagine eating Jack Daniels pulled pork for dinner. Defrost it in a pot of boiling water as you melt snow. As for snack food. I mainly eat salami and cheese sandwiches or peanut butter and honey. They warm up in my pack next to my hot water bottles and are heavenly. I don’t really do the snack thing too much anymore. Eating real food is better fo me and costs a heck of a lot less.

  5. I’m going on a winter trip to the Boundary Waters soon and also have a NU25 headlamp, as well as a power bank to recharge the light and my phone. However, I recently read that you shouldn’t charge these items below 32 degrees as it can irreversibly harm them…which is disconcerting. Have you ever had issues with this? Do you just charge them in your sleeping bag?

    • News to me. If you’re concerned just do it in your sleeping bag. And bring a phone. You might need the flashlight. :-)

      • rosemary szponarski

        For the day time, you can make a DIY cozy for your phone and charger made from reflectix (that stiff that stops the sun on your windshield on very hot summer days). Lots of YouTube vids on that. If it’s crazy cold I throw in a hand warmer during the day or keep inside your jacket. At night the bed is crowded as it’s best to sleep with your phone etc !!

  6. Zlite on top, or underneath, the Xtherm pad? Or does it matter?

    • Whichever you prefer. It really doesn’t matter.

    • Great write-up. Thanks! Several years ago, preparing for a New Years Eve camping trip in 0° weather, a Norwegian hiking buddy, who spends a lot of time sleeping on ice, recommended i put the ZLite on top of my Exped; possibly something about keeping body heat from unnecessarily getting pulled into the mat’s baffles. Worked fantastic for two nights on the frozen forest floor. Haven’t tried ice camping with the ZLite on the bottom. At 0°, the felt temperature difference would probably be minimal and indiscernible to a senior like me. (My friend, in addition to being a gram-weenie, was also a BTU-weenie.) On that trip, too, a quarter mile from the trailhead, the path turned into a steep incline and I could feel my sweat pumps going to work. I really thought I was dressed correctly. Turned out I hike hot in the winter. Seemed counter-intuitive that I’d be fine, even with a light wind in my face, in a short sleeve icebreaker tee, on the last day of the year, hiking up a mountain in freezing weather near midnight. YMMV.

  7. Most folk do not know that their “Trangia” alcohol stove is just as good in winter as any other season, it just needs a little knowhow.
    First is insulate the stove from the snow/ice/ground, just a couple of sticks is sufficient. Better still is raise the stove a little, putting it on top of the sealing screw cap will do. Light with a long burning match dipped into the fuel, this raises the temperature fast and boils the fuel. Tip put twice the fuel in the burner than in summer, you need the added time to melt snow and keep the lid on the pot unless adding more snow. I have used mine to winter camp in temps to neg. 10 C

  8. Very extensive list. Thanks Phil.
    I have winter backpacked on skis for decades. As a Nordic ski patroller I used to teach Army Rotc Cadets 1 hour of winter survival in class and one overnight weekend of winter camping. We were “inserted” to our LZ via Chinook choppers. I took one of our ski patrol Nordic rescuer toboggans “just in case” as well as a patrol radio.

    My winter gear got an upgrade this Christmas with a pair of full side zip down pants (Chinese made, Chinese brand $95.) Very well made with good reinforcing cloth both outside and inside the cuffs.
    Another “in-camp” item I sometimes take in very cold weather is my Eddie Bauer Peak XV -30 F. down parka.

    My winter stove(s) are MSR Whisperlite in gasoline mode and a Trail Designs Sidewinder ti Caldera Cone wood stove for melting snow. Saves a LOT of fuel.

  9. Just read this when it was sent out via email recently. Have an upcoming overnighter up in the whites next weekend and wasn’t looking forward to sleeping with my boots in my bag at night and then saw your recommendation for the Baffin boots. I’ve been needing some new winter hiking boots for a while and figured I’d pull the trigger on a pair. I’ve always had a hard time finding shoes that fit (I have a very wide foot). Happy to say these seem to fit like a glove when I ordered a half size up from my normal shoe size (10.5 and I ordered an 11). Looking forward to hiking in these next weekend. Thanks for all the great write ups on gear. I don’t typically read a lot of things like this but always pay attention to
    Your stuff since I know you spend a lot of time up north in the whites.

  10. rosemary szponarski

    Thankyou so much Phil, what a highly informative, detailed article!. This is my first winter camping outdoors and I’m 61 soon!. I survived -21 Celsius in December and going back out there for another 3 days at the end of the month. I love camping in the snow. My question is do you sleep with your Garmin too? I just bought the Garmin Mini.


    Philip,are these the right Thermawrap pants you recommend for a winter overnight in the Whites?


  12. Do you have a favorite insulated pant that you would recommend? Are the pants you listed here the synthetic insulated montbell pants?

  13. Addition to list: bring a portable urinal or a nalgene folding canteen as a pee bottle. Sucks to get all cold getting out of the sleeping bag and tent to pee. Especially if the wind is really raging. I’m getting older, so I need to pee at least twice, sometimes 3x on those long winter nights. No way am i getting the pants, parka and boots on to leave the tent multiple times at night.

    Pro tip: when I was a a young hardcore winter mountaineer in the Whites (like Phillip), and could hold my pee until morning, I’d put a plastic baggie into by boot shells and pee in them to pre-warm the boots just before putting them on!

  14. I find the hardest piece of gear to acquire to go winter camping and mountain climbing is a friend that wants to do it with you. I have one friend who also likes to hike the Whites, but he doesn’t have any equipment for the 4th season, so its solo for me. ???? Gets lonely out there sometimes, other times I appreciate the solitude.

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