10 Backpacking Gear Maintenance Tasks for April

10 Backpacking Gear Maintenance Tasks for April

With spring hiking and backpacking season on the horizon, here are some important gear maintenance tasks for you to perform to prepare for your next trip. If you have other spring gear maintenance tips you’d like to share, please leave a comment below.

1. Pre-Soak Your Water Filter

Pre-soak your water filter if it dried out over the winter
Pre-soak your water filter if it dried out over the winter.

If your water filter has dried out in storage over the winter, or it’s brand new, soak it in water overnight to saturate the fibers so that water can flow through it freely.  It’s best to do this before your first trip, so you don’t damage the filter trying to force water through it when it’s still dry. When in doubt, read the manufacturer’s instructions about how to bring a dry water filter back to life. Bonus Tip: If you use Aquamira drops instead of a water filter, check their expiration date.

2. Replace Worn Out Hiking Socks

Sort through your sock drawer and replace the ones that are worn out.
Sort through your sock drawer and replace the ones that are worn out.

Sort through your sock drawer and replace the hiking socks that have holes or are very thin and don’t have any cushion and fluff left in them. The thing that wears out socks quickly is sand and grit, especially if you wear porous trail runners that let it into your shoes. If you use Darn Tough Socks, they’ll replace socks with holes and in some cases, ones where there’s no fluff left. See the Darn Tough Guarantee for details. If you don’t use Darn Tough Socks, now’s a good time to switch.

3. Update Navigation Apps and Maps

Check to make sure your app is working properly and that you've downloaded all of the background maps

There’s nothing worse than going on a hike and finding out that your navigation app (Far Out Guides, or Gaia) license has expired, the app has been upgraded and you’ve been logged out until you can get network connectivity again, you don’t have the background or base maps downloaded, or the app is not loading because of some unforeseen error. Check to make sure it’s up to date and working at the beginning of the season and periodically thereafter. In addition, be sure to update the operating systems on all your devices, including satellite messenger and Smartphone operating systems. You should do this all the time, but especially in April if you’ve been out of action during the winter.

The same holds for paper maps, and you should seriously consider updating your set if a new version has been published. Yes, paper maps do go out of date, even if it’s less frequent than app updates, and it pays to update them so you have correct trail and bridge information if hazardous stream and river crossings exist, roads have been closed or opened, and fires, floods, or other natural disasters have closed off areas.

4. Replace Trekking Pole Baskets

Summer baskets and snow baskets
Summer baskets and snow baskets

Take the snow baskets off your trekking poles and replace them with the summer baskets if you prefer using them. Personally, I keep my snow baskets on year-round because I find it helps minimize pole breakage by preventing the pole tips from getting wedged between rocks. But most people switch back to using their summer baskets.

5. Wash and Repair Your Hiking Gaiters

Wash your gaiters, repair any holes, and replace straps if required
Wash your gaiters, repair any holes, and replace straps if required

When was the last time you washed your gaiters, either waterproof/breathable gaiters or just plain nylon ones? They work and feel much better when they’re clean especially if they’re made with Gore-tex or other waterproof/breathable fabrics. Inspect them carefully and repair any holes with repair tape or shoegoo, and replace the gaiter straps if they’re busted or close to death.

6. Permethrin Everything

Soaking a large batch of clothes at once works well or you can send them to Insect Shield
Soaking a large batch of clothes at once works well or you can send them to Insect Shield for a longer-lasting application.

If you hike in tick territory, this is a good time to treat your outer clothing – shoes, pants, gaiters, socks, and hats with permethrin tick and insect repellent (for clothing) or to send it away to Insect Shield, an industrial Permethrin Process that lasts much longer and up to 70 washings. I just buy a half dozen new pairs of new Darn Tough hiking socks every year and then ship them off to Insect Shield immediately for the treatment because I view my socks as the most critical tick entry point. Hint: use the coupon code SECTIONHIKER for a 15% discount at InsectShield.com or see our Permethrin Soak Guide for do-it-yourself instructions.

7. Inspect and replace water bottles, reservoirs, hoses, and bite valves

Platypus Platy Water Bottle Review
Platypus bottles can break down at the seams with frequent use, over a span of years…

Check your water reservoirs for leaks or signs of deterioration. The constant folding and unfolding of soft bottles can result in cracked or leaking seams. If you use a hydration system, make sure the hose and bite valve are clean, working well, and mold-free. While you can probably remove mold, especially black mold from hydration hoses or bite valves with bleach, you might as well just replace them. Check to make sure you have all the caps for your bottles and reservoirs: these become important when you need to do long water carries. If you use recycled plastic bottles, including SmartWater bottles, for a few months continuously, they can get kind of nasty: you might be better off replacing them and starting the new season fresh.

8. Replenish your supply of Leukotape strips

Cut the strips into 3-4 inch strips, that you could use to cover your heels
Cut the Leukotape rows into 3-4 inch strips, that you could use to cover your heels

The only thing I use a lot of in my backpacking first aid kit is Leukotape, a very sticky tape for blister prevention. I don’t use it on every hike, but I use it frequently with certain types of footwear, like my winter boots, where the cost of getting a heel blister means I have to sit on the bench for 2 weeks while the skin heals. The best way to carry a supply of Leukotape is to precut it into strips instead of carrying a roll of the stuff. I use release paper, which is the waxy backing stuff that mailing stickers come on. My UPS office gives me a bunch whenever I ask for some. I tape a bunch of leukotape strips to it and cut them to the length I like for my heels. I store the strips in a plastic bag in my first aid kit.

9. Inspect and replenish your fire starting kit

For example, I use cotton balls and vaseline
For example, I use cotton balls and vaseline to light Esbit cubes or wood.

If all you do to start a fire or light a stove is to carry a mini-bic lighter, check it and make sure it still has gas. But if your fire-making ritual is more elaborate, think about making a new batch of firestarters such as vaseline-dipped cotton balls, collecting cotton dryer lint, or making more wax-covered egg carton cubes. I’m out every week in warmer weather and I go through a lot of homemade firestarters when lighting my esbit or backpacking wood stove.

10. Donate, give away or sell backpacking gear you’re not using it

Donate, gift, and sell gear you don’t use regularly
Donate, gift, and sell gear you don’t use regularly

If you own backpacking gear or clothing that you don’t use often enough, donate it, give it away to friends, or sell it. It doesn’t do any good gathering dust and cluttering up your house. I give most of the free gear I get from manufacturers to my friends or donate it to the homeless shelter where my wife volunteers. You might even want to check out REI’s new Trade-in Service where they give your gift card credits for used gear that you trade-in.

See Also:

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  1. Check all your First Aid Kit supplies. Add stuff that’s missing, and replace the expired stuff.

  2. If you use a canister stove, screw it onto a bottle of gas before you go on a trip to make sure it’s working.

    I made a six day AT section hike more difficult because I didn’t realize my Pocket Rocket was busted. Sitting on the banks of the Housatonic River with a pot full of cold Knorr rice sides was a memorably bad backpacking dinner.

  3. Good ideas for those of us who have itchy feet waiting for the trails to dry out . Not sure about throwing away hoses just cuz they have mold on them. Seems like some sort of reamer and some bleach could do the trick.

  4. Adding to tick defense, I really like the tick test kits sold by Cutter. I used on this spring after finding an engorged tick on me. In a few days, I knew it was a deer tick and that it tested negative for a host of nasty tick born diseases. The lyme test is free with purchase of the kit ($30) and they offer more advanced testing for an additional fee ($75 & $150). If you had a tick with a positive result, it would be helpful to be able to start medication much sooner.

    • My doctor is a backpacker, and says that Lyme tests (even those done by professional labs) are not reliable enough to be useful. He prescribes antibiotics if a patient finds a tick that may have been attached for two days, or displays symptoms, without ordering a test. I’m not a scientist or doctor, so I rely on his advice.

  5. Keep in mind that permethrin is lethal for cats, so if you own cats, you might want to skip the permethrin.

  6. FYI, Goodwill is a FOR PROFIT organization. If you want to give for a much better cause give your stuff to the Salvation Army, where sales proceeds go almost entirely to help people in need.

    • Eric B., what’s your source for Goodwill being for-profit?

      According to Wikipedia, “Goodwill Industries International Inc., often shortened in speech and writing to Goodwill (stylized as goodwill), is an American nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization …. ”

      Goodwill’s own website (a .org, not a .com) states:

      Goodwill Industries International is a 501(C)(3) Nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 53-0196517

  7. Does soaking the filter after it dried out affect the performance? I’m concerned it will clog again once on trail. I have one that I resurrected after soaking but didn’t bring it hiking as I was afraid it would freeze up on me. For the record, I soaked it in warm water and vjnegar.

    • If it worked when you dried it out, it should work when it gets wet again. No idea why you’d want to use vinegar or whether that’s even advisable.

    • I let mine dry out last year and found myself 8 miles in to a week-long hike, with empty bottles, at the last water source before a rugged day-and-a-half dry section, trying to revive the filter and fill 5 bottles. I worked water through little by little in both directions and a couple of hours later had a fairly functional filter, and it gradually got back to normal and has been fine since. Sawyer has a video that recommends vinegar for clearing minerals (hard water deposits) from the filter.

    • Use distilled water to soak (and to clean out/backflush), which won’t leave deposits that require a vinegar soak to clear out.

  8. I almost forgot, since we have a cat, I don’t treat with permethrin at home but send my clothes in to Insect Shield and let them treat my clothes. They have awesome customer service. And yes, once it dries, permethrin goes through a molecular change and is safe for cats, water crossings, etc. My cat sits on my lap while I wear clothes that have been treated, and he is totally normal. Well, as normal as cats are!

  9. And time to think about storing some winter gear like snowshoes. Here is some recent advice I received from the repair folks at Cascade Designs (MSR) for mine (newly repaired EVO Ascents):

    The straps and foot wrap/harness are rubber/rubberized, in order to prolong their life, in the off season a light coating of silicone grease will help keep them hydrated, store in a cotton sac to avoid dust collection, wipe off before use.

  10. This was a great list of things to do before hiking season starts up! I also like to go through and check my bags and clothing for any thin spots or wear points so I can repair it before I get out on the trail.

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