An insulating sleeping pad is a must-have for backpackers who sleep on the ground in tents and under tarp shelters to prevent body heat loss to the ground. The best backpacking sleeping pads are air mattresses or foam pads because they’re lightweight and compact. While they vary in composition and thickness, they are all designed to complement your sleep insulation, keeping you warm, so your body can recover after a day of hiking.
Last year (2020), the major camping and backpacking sleeping pad manufacturers including Therm-a-Rest, REI, Sea-to-Summit, NEMO, Exped, and Big Agnes began using a common R-value testing standard to measure and rate the insulation values of their sleeping pads. This is a big win for backpackers because you can now compare the warmth provided by pads made from different manufacturers. See this comprehensive list of the latest Sleeping Pad R-values from all of these manufacturers, including a comparison of their old ratings and the new R-value ratings.
|Make / Model||Type||R-Value||Weight||Price|
|Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XLite||Air||4.2||12 oz||$190|
|Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm||Air||6.9||15 oz||$215|
|Sea-to-Summit Ether Light XT Insulated||Air||3.2||16.3 oz||$190|
|NEMO Tensor Insulated||Air||3.5||15 oz||$160|
|NEMO Tensor Alpine UL||Air||4.8||17 oz||$225|
|Big Agnes Q Core SLX||Air||3.2||18 oz||$150|
|Sea-to-Summit Ultralight Insulated||Air||3.1||16.9 oz||$140|
|Therm-a-Rest Z Lite Sol||Foam||2||14 oz||$45|
|NEMO Switchback||Foam||2||14.5 oz||$50|
|Exped Synmat UL||Air||2.9||16.8 oz||$179|
While the R-value of a sleeping pad is important, particularly in cooler weather it’s best to also consider its weight, durability, size, thickness, comfort, and price. Here are our picks for the best 10 sleeping pads available today based on these dimensions. Many of these sleeping pads are available in different lengths, widths, and weights, making it easy to find a good choice to fit your needs.
1. Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XLite
2. Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm
3. Sea-to-Summit Ether Light XT Insulated Pad
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Sea to Summit
4. NEMO Tensor Insulated Air Pad
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5. NEMO Tensor Alpine Air Pad
6. Big Agnes Insulated Q-Core SLX Sleeping Pad
7. Sea-to-Summit Ultralight Insulated Pad
8. Therm-a-Rest Z Lite Sol Foam Pad
9. NEMO Switchback Foam Pad
10. Exped Synmat UL
The Exped Synmat UL is a lightweight and compact inflatable mat that is 2.8 inches thick and has an R-value of 2.9. It has separate inflation and deflation valves that are flush with the surface of the pad for better durability. It’s a rectangular pad, 20.5″ wide at the head and foot ends and 72″. The regular length pad weighs 16.8 oz, but it also available in a shorter 64″ and longer 77″ length. The mat contains microfiber insulation to eliminate cold spots, but still rolls up extremely compactly for easy packing. This pad is usually bundled with an Exped Schnozzel, an inflatable pump sack, that also makes a great waterproof pack liner.
Backpacking Sleeping Pad Guide
Choosing a sleeping pad requires prioritizing across multiple factors, some of which can be at odds with one another.
Sleeping Pad R-Values and Air Temperature in Degrees
What’s the correlation between air temperature and sleeping pad R-values? When do you need a pad with a higher R-value? This table is based on Exped’s recommendations in Fahrenheit and Celsius degrees.
|Air Temperature (F):||50||43||36||29||22||15||8||0||-7||-14||-21||-30|
|Air Temperature (C):||10||6||2||-2||-6||-9||-13||-18||-22||-26||-30||-34|
- R-values are additive, so you can combine two pads to increase your warmth level.
- Women need higher R-values pads because they have lower body mass than men. An additional R-value of 1 is usually a good hedge for women and other cold sleepers
Sleeping Pad Thickness
Thicker sleeping pads are often more comfortable for side sleepers because they provide more cushioning under the hip bones. Depending on their length and width, it may take more breaths to inflate a very thick air pad, something to factor into your decision.
Sleeping Pad Dimensions
Most popular sleeping pads are available a wide range of lengths and widths. While large pads are often more comfortable, they’re often heavier. Most pads are available in a standard 72″ x 20″ size. But many pads are also available in longer, shorter, and wider sizes, or mummy and rectangular shapes.
Sleeping Pad Weight
A sleeping pad is one of the most important items on your gear list in terms of comfort and sleep insulation. While the weight of all backpacking gear matters, don’t make the mistake of being miserable at night by choosing a pad that compromises the quality of your sleep, simply to reduce the weight of your gear list. For example, most sleeping bag and quilt temperature ratings assume that you’re sleeping on a pad with an R-value between 4.0 and 5.0. If you sleep with a pad that has a lower R-value, even in summer, you probably won’t be able to experience the full temperature rating of your sleep insulation. That’s a sobering thought.
Sleeping Pad Compactness
The size and compactness of a sleeping pad can be an important fact depending on your style of packing and the size of your backpack. Inflatable pads usually pack up the smallest, self-inflating pads are usually larger, and foam pads are the largest. Depending on how you pack, foam sleeping pads may need to be attached to the outside of your backpack because they’re so large. While closed-cell foam pads don’t absorb water if they get wet, you’ll want to dry one off before you put a sleeping bag or quilt on top of it, after a wet day on the trail.
Sleeping Pad Types
There are three types of sleeping pads: air mattresses, self-inflating mattresses, and closed-cell foam pads. Air mattresses provide the greatest comfort and pack up the smallest when deflated. Most come with a lightweight stuff sack that can be used to inflate them. Self-inflating mattresses are usually the heaviest and will up partially with air when unrolled for use. You still have to blow them up a bit, but only a minor amount. Closed-cell foam pads are the least expensive but they are bulky have to be attached to the exterior of your pack. They are very reliable however because they’re made with foam so they can’t be punctured and they’re waterproof, so they won’t get heavier if it rains.
Sleeping Pad R-Values
The most reliable measure of insulation is R-value. Beginning in 2020, a new Sleeping Bag R-Value Standard was adopted by the outdoor industry and most of the major sleeping pad manufacturers including Therm-a-Rest, NEMO, Sea-to-Summit, REI, and Big Agnes has retested and re-rated their sleeping bags using it. Klymit, notably, has not. This new standard benefits consumers because it makes it possible, for the first time, to compare sleeping bags by their R-values because they all use the same testing methodology.
For three-season backpacking and camping, an R-value of 2, or higher, is recommended. For winter backpacking and camping, an R-value of 5, or higher, is recommended. R-values are additive, so you can stack two pads to increase your warmth level. Women need higher R-values pads because they have lower body mass than men. An additional R-value of 1 is usually a good hedge for women and other cold sleepers
Sleeping Pad Durability
Foam sleeping pads are the most durable, self-inflating pads are the next most durable, and inflatable air mattresses the least. Inflatable air mattresses tend to fail in two places: the valves and at the seams of fabric. Flat valves that are flush with the surface of the sleeping pad are more durable than stick valves because they have no moving parts and can’t catch on obstructions.
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