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Bushwhacking West Moat Mountain and Spruce Hill

Bushwhacking West Moat Mtn and Spruce Hill

West Moat Mountain and Spruce Hill are two peaks on the NH500 Highest List. They’re located near Conway, NH near the Boulder Loop Trail. Both are trailless peaks, so you have to bushwhack them. West Moat is located in a wild section of the National Forest that is seldom hiked because there are no established trails in it or roads. It’s also referred to as Southwest Moat. In addition to solitude, the area has impressive views of the Sandwich Range ridgeline stretching from Mt Chocorua to the Tripyramids, Bear Mountain, and Table Mountain from a perspective that few have witnessed.

I hiked this route with my buddy Ken who is usually up for the crazy adventures I dream up. He’s a very experienced off-trail hiker, climber, and mountaineering guide and we’ve done many gnarly bushwhacks together in the past.

West Moat Map

When planning out this hike, I decided the best route was to follow fire roads up to the west flank of West Moat. Ken concurred. The mountain has steep eastern and southern cliffs which would be challenging to climb and coming in from the west provided the gentlest gradient. From West Moat, we could backtrack down the west side, contour around its base, and cross the saddle to Spruce Hill. From Spruce, we’d navigate in between two cliffy areas to the Ledge Trail and then descend back the Boulder Loop Trail to the Covered Bridge parking lot and our cars.  That’s exactly the route we took.

Heading up FR #28A

The Impact of Logging on Bushwhacking

We started off by following two fire roads, FR #28 and FR #28A. Most of these roads are actually logging roads created during timber harvests to extract trees. The White Mountain National Forest is a crop, after all, managed by the US Department of Agriculture. This of course raises interesting challenges from a navigation perspective because it alters the landscape in significant ways and it’s important that you be able to adapt to unexpected conditions on the fly.

While the logging roads we followed are shown on the map, many aren’t. There are different classes of logging roads, some that are capable of supporting semi-truck traffic and others that can only be used by skidders, which are huge tractors with giant knobby wheels for dragging trees out of the forest. Before logging trucks and skidders, there were logging railroads and horse teams that dragged the freshly cut trees out of the woods, usually in winter when the ice and snow made the work easier.

In addition to logging roads, there are logging cuts, which are large fields slash or young replanted trees that are created when a section of the forest is cleared for wood. Contrary to what you might think, logging benefits much of the local wildlife by creating new plant growth that benefits deer and moose and all the animals that depend on them to keep the ecosystem healthy.

Starting the Ascent through Open Woods
Starting the Ascent through Open Woods

The Hike

We parked at the Boulder Loop Trailhead off Passaconaway Road and headed up FR #28 which runs beside the Swift River, passing a blazed XC trail on the right that entered the woods. We continued along the road till we met FR #28A and headed up until we came across a skidder road that angled off in the direction we wanted to take. It led to a big field of immature birch and slash from a logging cut, which we skirted around rather than try to walk through it.

Ken delayers amidst the spruce
Ken delayers amidst the spruce

This brought us due west of West Moat, which we proceeded to climb. We climbed parallel to a stream and encountered one minor spruce band before reaching a line of cliffs leading up to the summit. Rather than climbing them, we stayed below where there were fewer blowdowns and used them as a handrail to just below the summit. This was a little surprising because we’d expected to find a lot of debris below the cliffs, but they were notably absent.

We stayed below this band of cliffs.
We stayed below this band of cliffs.

The gradient moderated as we neared the top and we were able to skirt around the cliffs to the summit area, where Ken quickly found the jar containing the logbook. There were surprisingly few names in the jar, but it contained the usual cast of notorious characters. The last hikers to visit the summit had been there 9 months earlier!

West Moat Logbook - Note bloody mark at top of the page
West Moat Logbook – Note bloody mark at top of the page

We signed in and had a snack, before retracing our steps back down to 1800′. From here we contoured around the base of West Moat, staying at 1800′, to avoid the gnarly field of slash below us. This brought us to the edge of the saddle joining Spruce Hill. The saddle was full of more mature birch, but of the “pencil” variety. It was also a wet saddle and quite boggy. We were wearing our high waterproof winter boots, so we just plowed through to the other side.

Spruce is a much “flatter” peak than West Moat, so it took us a while to find the high point. The contour intervals of topographic maps are usually too large to reflect the fine gradations in elevation. There was also no logbook jar that we could find.

The saddle to Spruce Hill was wet
The saddle to Spruce Hill was wet

From the summit, we shot a bearing between two cliff bands that guard the highpoint of the Boulder Loop  Trail and bushwhacked to it. I’m a big fan of Slope Angle shading which is available in Caltopo and GaiaGPS. It makes it much easier to recognize steep areas on topographic maps and avoid impassably steep cliffs and gradients. When we got to the Boulder Loop Trail, we hiked down the west side back to our cars.

Other Relevant Trip Reports

As a rule of thumb, I don’t pay much attention if any to other people’s bushwhack trip reports when planning a trip because I like to plan my own routes. The point of bushwhacking for me is exercising my off-trail navigation skills. Still, these trip reports made interesting reading after the fact.

Recommended Hiking Navigation Tools

I carry and use all of these navigation aids on hikes, both on-trail, and off-trail, in addition to a paper map. The most reliable tool is the compass, by far, because it only relies on the earth's magnetic field to operate. The others are also excellent, but they can generate false positives in the field and it's useful to have a compass along so you can verify the information they provide. 

  • Casio ProTrek Solar Powered Altimeter Watch - are you sick of changing or charging your watch's batteries? This multi-function watch is solar-powered and the watch band is replaceable. It never needs recharging and I never take it off. It has time, date, compass, temperature, altimeter, barometer, stopwatch, backlit display blah blah. I mainly use the time and the altimeter. 
  • Suunto M3 Declination Adjustable Compass - great compass.  Set the declination and forget it. True north eliminates ever having to add or subtract degrees when going back and forth with a map and compass. I have the M3-NH (Northern Hemisphere) model. They also have an SH model and a G-model, which means it's a global compass that can be used north or south of the equator.
  • GaiaGPS Navigation App - there are some things about Gaia that really annoy me, but they have a lot of different maps and map layers to help you figure out where you are in the field. I mainly use the Gaia Topo and TF Outdoors base maps with the Slope Angle and the US Roads layer, which has forest/park service roads, fire roads, some snowmobile trails, and unpaved roads.  You can't carry all these maps at once unless they're available in digitized form on your phone. 
  • Caltopo - Caltopo doesn't have the programming staff that GaiaGPS does, but I still like it much better than Gaia's route planning tool. This is what I use on my laptop to plan and document my hikes. It's also very convenient for big picture planning especially when you're trying to block out a number of alternative routes. Caltopo also has an app, but I like Gaia's much better.

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About the author

Philip Werner has hiked and backpacked over 10,000 miles in the United States and the UK and written over 3000 articles as the founder of, noted for its backpacking gear reviews and hiking FAQs. A devotee of New Hampshire and Maine hiking and backpacking, Philip has hiked all 650+ trails in the White Mountains twice and has completed 12 rounds of the 48 peaks on the White Mountains 4000 footer list with over 576 summits in all four seasons. He is also the author of Backpacking the White Mountain 4000 Footers, a free online guidebook of the best backpacking trips in the White Mountains in New Hampshire and Maine. Click here to subscribe to the SectionHiker newsletter.


  1. There’s some nice looking cliffs on that topo map, especially in the Spruce Hill area. I’d bet you had some good views with the leaves being off.

  2. I just noticed “Note bloody mark at too of the page” caption on the logbook photo. When I bushwhack, I rarely fail to leave a bloody mark somewhere. It’s a good thing land sharks exist only on Saturday Night Live. Otherwise, I’d leave a deadly trail!

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