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Backpacking Gear Repair Hacks

Backpacking Gear-Repair-Hacks

If you want to save money and prolong the life of your backpacking gear, it pays to maintain it and repair it by yourself. Here are the commercial products I use to fix my gear as well as the replacement parts I scrounge or purchase to restore it. If you like the gear you own and enjoy using it, you can keep it in good shape with a little TLC.

Cannibalized Parts

While I buy some of the gear repair and maintenance supplies I use, I cannibalize a lot of components from clothing or hiking gear that I wear out from overuse. I’ve got buckles, toggles, straps, and swatches of fabric from dead backpacks; more fabric, buckles, pole repair sleeves, stakes, tones of cordage, and noseeum netting from tents and shelters; hand straps, fittings, and used baskets from hiking poles that I’ve snapped or bent; mini-biners, mitten hooks, even the mesh stuff sacks that many manufacturers use to package new products. It’s worth harvesting and hanging onto these spare parts to replace ones that you break or to augment existing gear with.

Tenacious Tape

I use Tenacious Tape for more repairs than any other product.
I use Tenacious Tape for more repairs than any other product.

I use several rolls of Tenacious Tape every year for repairing backpacking clothing and gear. Tenacious Tape is a sticky tape that can be used to patch rips and punctures of synthetic materials like rain jackets or rain pant shells, insulated jackets shells, sleeping bags and quilts, hiking pants, noseeum netting in tents and bivy sacks, ripped up backpacks and so on.

It’s best to cut a patch with rounded corners so the corners don’t catch and peel off. While Tenacious Tape will stay on for multiple washes afterward it’s still easy to peel off and doesn’t leave behind any sticky residue like duct tape. This is useful if you decided to send out your torn clothing for a professional repair, which is made harder if there’s a sticky residue left behind.

While you can buy Tenacious Tape in pre-cut patches, it’s best to buy it by the roll because it’s less expensive that way.

Cord Locks

Toggles are great for creating external attachment and compression straps on the outside of backpacks
Cord Locks are great for creating external attachment and compression straps on the outside of backpacks with elastic and non-elastic cord

I also use cord locks to secure gear to the outside of backpacks like snowshoes or ice axes. Most good backpacks have extra fabric loops or daisy chains on their exterior for this purpose. I pass both ends of a non-elastic cord through a cord lock and knot it on the other side. The cord lock clamps down on the cord when you cinch the gear tight against the pack, creating a custom external attachment point for whatever you need it to do.

I collect most of the cord locks I own by cannibalizing them from dead backpacks, but you can also buy them in 2-packs as Gear-Aid Ellipse Toggles.

Mitten Hooks and Mini-Biners

Mini-biners and gloves hooks have many uses for hanging gear under tarps or securing it to the outside of a backpack
Mini-biners and mitten hooks have many uses including hanging gear under tarps or securing it to the outside of a backpack

Plastic mitten hooks are great for hanging noseeum netting or inner tents under tarps and can be left on the tarp between uses for this purpose. Mini-biners are also very useful for everything from attaching an underquilt insulation system to a hammock or clipping frequently used items to the outside of your pack, like a multi-tool or pen knife. I prefer using mini-wire-gate carabiners for this purpose because I find them more durable, though any mini-biner will do.

Plumbers Tape

Plumbers tape
Plumbers tape is great for creating a tight seal around a hydration reservoir cap

If you use a Platypus hydration reservoir with a screw-on water filter, like the Sawyer Mini, it can be difficult to get a tight-fitting seal between the two. This is important because you want to avoid cross-contaminating your filtered water with dirty water leaking from the reservoir and dripping into your water bottle where it can make you sick.

Wrap plumbers tape around hydration reservoir threads to get a tight connection
Wrap plumbers tape around hydration reservoir threads to get a tight connection with hydration hoses and water filters

That’s why I wrap the threads of my hydration reservoirs with plumbers tape, a thin plastic tape, which helps create a very tight seal between the too. Plumbers use it to create a tight fit between pipes for just this reason. This technique works great and I’ve used it to prevent leaks between filters and other hydration components for years.

Spare Buckles and Webbing

Buckles and straps can be used to customize packs or replace failed components
Buckles and webbing straps can be used to customize packs or replace failed components

I occasionally bust backpack buckles, either on the hip belt or on a webbing strap, so having spares can be real handy. Most backpack makers use the same buckles across all of the backpacks in their product lines, so if you own multiple packs from the same company, be sure to harvest the used buckles to replace ones you might break in the future.

I also collect webbing straps from old backpacks when they bite the dust because they can be used to add external attachment points to a pack or replace a sternum strap. No backpack is perfect for all conditions, but it can be bent to your will if you have extra buckles and webbing straps lying around to extend its capabilities.


Tri-glides are good for attaching items such as pockets with straps to backpack daisy chains to form a strap-to-strap connection

Tri-glides are great for attaching pockets or accessories with a vertical webbing strap to vertical daisy chains on backpacks to form a strap-to-strap connection. Some examples include adding a camera or GPS pocket to the daisy chain on a shoulder strap or adding a crampon pocket between the daisy chains running down the sides of a pack, as shown below.

Attaching a mesh pocket to a pack using tri-glide clips
Attaching a recycled mesh bag to a pack using tri-glide clips

Spare Trekking Pole Baskets

Trekking pole baskets
Spare trekking pole baskets can often be used on poles from other manufacturers

I save and collect the small summer and winter baskets from busted or bent trekking and snowshoeing poles since I buy replacement poles from the same manufacturer whenever I bend or snap one. However, you can often mix and match baskets from multiple pole manufacturers since many pole tips and baskets are based on standard Leki pole sizes, making the parts interchangeable.

Line Locks

Line Locks
Line Locs

Line Locs are guy line tensioners commonly found on ultralight tents and tarps, but they’re so useful and intuitive that I like to add them to all of the tents, shelters, or tarps that I buy. While not expensive, I mainly harvest mine from old backpacks and shelters that have bitten the dust.

Seam Sealer, Zipper Lube, and Shoegoo
Seam Sealer, Zipper Lube, Mirazyme, and Shoegoo

Seam Sealer, Zipper Lube, Odor Eliminator and Shoegoo

I use a variety of potions and lotions to waterproof tent seams. lubricate zippers, build preventive toes caps for boots and shoes, and deodorize clothing and gear that’s gotten funky smelling.

  • Seam sealing: I use Gear-Aid Seam-Grip+Sil cut with paint thinner to seal the seams of silnylon tents and tarps. I go through a few tubes of this every year. Gear-Aid’s Seam-Grip+WP is good for seam sealing and repairing tents with a PU coating, gluing patches onto sleeping pads, waterproofing boot or glove seams, and gluing together clothing seams that have come undone.
  • Deodorizing and mildew removal: Gear-Aid Odor Eliminator (formerly called Mirazyme) is an enzyme-based solution that you add to a big tank of water. I use it for deodorizing train runners and wet suits and eliminating mildew on backpacks and shelters. I’ve been using it for over 10 years and a little goes a long way. Great stuff. (I also use it to remove mildew from my shower curtains at home.)
  • Zipper lubrication: Zippers are probably the most fragile component of backpacks, tents, and outdoor clothing, but keeping them clean and lubricated can help prevent bad snags or fabric tears. I lubricate my zippers with Gear-Aid Zipper Wax Lubricant, another product I’ve been using for years.
  • Building toe caps and miscellaneous shoe repair: I use Shoe Goo (available in black or clear) to build protective toe caps for trail runners or boots, rebuild heels, repair fabric tears, and glue soles back onto shoes. Hiking shoes are expensive, but you can save money if you can extend their lifetime.
Pre-emptive shoegoo toecaps on La Sportiva Ultra Raptor Trail Runners
Pre-emptive shoegoo toe caps on La Sportiva Ultra Raptor Trail Runners


That’s a quick overview of the main products and components I use to repair and maintain most of my backpacking gear, including the cannibalized parts that I collect from old worn-out tents, backpacks, and clothing. Backpacking and hiking gear is expensive to buy, so it can really pay to keep yours well-maintained and to fix minor problems yourself.

What cool backpacking repair hacks have you come up with?

Updated 2023.

See Also:

Disclosure: Philip Werner ( has received free samples of gear repair products from McNett and Gear-Aid but is under no obligation to review or endorse them. The views presented here are based on years of experience using these products in the manner described. 

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  1. An FYI regarding plumber’s tape: You need to wrap it around the spout in the same direction the cap will turn when you tighten it on the spout. Otherwise, the tape peels off with the turning of the cap.

    Once the cap has been tightened on the tape, the tape tends to weld to itself, and will not unravel when you remove the cap.

  2. This is more of a repair comment but it might help a bit with hacking equipment. I carry a tube of super glue with me when hiking. It bonds to most things I have (including fingers). I’ve used it to add low stress attachment points in addition to many repairs.

  3. looks like you’ve been digging in my spare parts bin as well. I have about 75% of the spare parts you discussed.

  4. For gluing shoes back together, nothing beats Barge Cement- it’s what professional shoe repair shops use. It’s a flexible contact cement, so you have to apply it to both surfaces, let it dry completely, then press the two surfaces together. They will bond instantly but need about 24 hours for a full cure.

  5. What’s your on-trail repair kit look like? Be interested to see a post on that, including seasonal additions.

  6. What a great post Phil. If I wrote it, it would be called “stuff I hand on to and keep around the house for a rainy day but never seem to use!” You are a truly prepared scout! Keep up the great writing.

  7. You have no idea how long I have searched to find the correct name for “Tri-Glides.” THANK YOU for being so thoroughly technical!!!

  8. I collect a lot of great webbing, buckles and such at military surplus stores, and also buy gear/clothing from Goodwill and yard sales if they have useful hardware to cut off. As a sew-er, I highly recommend Fabri-Tac, a fabric-to-fabric glue easily found in a bottle at WalMart, Hobby Lobby, JoAnn Fabrics, etc. It’s thick, quick to dry and extremely durable, although I try to be really neat about it since it dries clear and shiny. So far it’s been a great quick-fix when I don’t have time to sew a repair at home, but I doubt I’d ever carry it on the trail.

  9. My hammock tarp has those line locks. Wow — I had no idea how awesome they’d be.

    When I’m out skiing or snowshoeing, I pick up ski pole baskets I find lying on the trail if it looks like they’ve been there a while. I have a handy collection now.

  10. Fabri-Tac, Shoe Goo and a number of other adhesives are available as minis. I’ve found them on fleaBay for a couple dollars each with an order of four or six. The minis are about the size of a super glue tube. These can be nice additions to a gear repair kit. It’s an expensive way to order glue but the size is perfect for backpacking.

  11. What you are calling “plumbers tape” isn’t. Plumbers tape is a ribbon of metal with holes in it and is used for hanging pipes from joists. What you are using is “thread seal tape” often also called “teflon tape” and is designed for use as you describe.

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