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Backpacking the Kekekabic Trail in the Boundary Waters

The Kekekabic Trail is a 41-mile long thru-hiking route that transects the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCA) from (near) the top of the Gunflint Trail to the Fenberg Road, 17 miles northeast of Ely.  You can hike the trail from either direction, but by road, the two trailheads are about 4.5 hours apart, which makes this a logistically challenging and time-consuming shuttle.  The Kekekabic Trail is a rugged deep wilderness trail that displays many of the natural wonders that make the BWCA such a special place.  Most permits issued for the BWCA are for canoeing, but hiking the “Kek” offers a different view of this wilderness as you trek through wolf, moose, bear and beaver habitat, from lake to lake along its length.  Considered one of Minnesota’s most challenging trails, the USFS recommends that only experienced hikers with good backcountry navigation skills attempt this route.

History of the Trail

  • 1930s the trail is established by the USFS to provide access to a fire tower overlooking Kekekabic Lake
  • 1940s the use of USFS airplanes to surveil the BWCA makes the fire tower obsolete
  • 1960s USFS clears and upgrades the trail and establishes it as an official hiking trail
  • 1970s permits issued for hiking the trail peak at 445 per year
  • 1980s the USFS stops maintaining the Kek, trail permits dwindle to 25 per year
  • 1990s the Kekekabic Trail Club is born and volunteer organizations partner with the USFS to maintain the trail
  • 1999 an intense July 4th windstorm makes the trail impassable
  • 2000-2018 the trail cleared in 2000 and then there are more storms and fires, with the last notable storm in 2016, make the trail virtually impassable
  • Spring 2019 volunteer trail organizations complete work on opening the trail and blazing the route

In mid-September 2018, a group of friends and I attempted to hike the Kekekabic Trail from Ely to the top of the Gunflint Trail (west to east).  By the time we were eleven miles in, we’d had enough of the over, under, and around as we faced mile after mile of the blown down trees that were still blocking the trail from the 2016 windstorm.  While trail crews had made great progress clearing the trail, a few sections were still nearly impassable, and we decided to spend our time camping in the Disappointment Lake area rather than continue fighting the blown down.

The July storm of 2016 was so big that it engulfed the entire Arrowhead Region (NE Minnesota), produced straight-line winds clocked at over 100mph, and knocked out power to a good portion of the city of Duluth for four days during the hottest week of the year.

I’m not the type of hiker that seeks to set records or push boundaries or get overly extreme in any of my adventures, but I do have just enough hiker pride to make not finishing the Kek something that would stick in my craw and nag at my boots.  Fast forward to this past winter, over a lunch break spent at the local climbing gym with my friend Jim Shoberg, and a new trip was born.  I shared how much I needed to finish that entire trail, how it was nagging at me, and how I’d heard that by June (2019) the trail would be completely free of the 2016 obstructions.  I think I had him at “on belay,” because he agreed that it was a must-do and we made a plan to hike the Kek come summer.

Download PDF Map

The Mission

To hike the 41-mile Kekekabic Trail, east-to-west from Gunflint to Ely in four days, averaging about ten miles per day, while staying each night at a noteworthy BWCA campsite.

The Car Shuttle

The first and last challenge of hiking the Kek is the car shuttle.  The two terminus trailheads are 180 miles apart and due to the terrain that drive takes about 4.5 hours one-way.  Jim and I each had a car, and we left Duluth after work and drove to Fenberg Road trailhead just northeast of Ely.  We dropped Jim’s car at the western terminus and then proceeded on Highway 1 through the Superior National Forest to Highway 61, which runs along the North Shore of Lake Superior.  We spent the night at my parents’ cabin on the lake near Tettegouche State Park, and then my Dad drove us to the top of the Gunflint Trail on Friday morning, taking my car back to their cabin where we would pick it up after exiting the Trail outside of Ely.

Entering the BWCA from the Gunflint Trailhead.

Day 1: Gunflint Trailhead, to Agamok Bridge, 12.5 miles

After enjoying a big breakfast in Grand Marais, and driving 47 miles up Hwy 12 (Gunflint Trail), we started down the trail at 9:30 am.  At that time of the morning, the temperature was in the high 70’s and the forecast called for four days of 80 plus degrees.  It was hot, muggy, and buggy!  We spent most of the day skirting the edges of lakes and working our way along the low shoulders of higher ridges in an area that had been noticeably impacted by multiple fires.  For many parts of the hike, there was no tree cover and the sun-baked us as we walked.  3.3 miles in, at Bingshick Lake, we found a wonderful campsite and took a much-needed swim.  We passed by campsites at Howard Lake and Gabichimigami Lake, and even though we had done enough miles to camp, these sites were not inviting at all. By this time, we were hot and tired from trekking in nearly 90-degree heat, but we needed a nice campsite and Agamok Bridge seemed to be the best option.  At about 7 pm we arrived to find a wonderful campsite situated near the bridge, which is an impressive wood bridge crossing the churning caldron draining down from Agamok Lake to Mueller Lake.

Agamok Bridge

Day 2: Agamok Bridge to Strup Lake, 9.5 miles

The trail consisted of going up and coming down as we were now into the “hilly” section of the Kek.  Generally, we worked our way from 1500 feet to 1800 feet, ascending and descending 300 feet repeatedly for what seemed like forever as we hiked to the highest point of the trail and found the site of the old fire tower and the spur down to Kekekabic Lake. From there it was mostly downhill to our campsite on Strup Lake, which was a quintessential BWCA campsite on a lake loaded with hungry bass.  Jim had a good run catching and releasing the same fish over and over before the mosquitos chased him back to the fire.

Cooking dinner while Jim enjoys the fire on Strup Lake.

Day 3: Strup Lake to Medas Lake, 7.8 miles

We were now moving through lowland areas on a gently undulating trail.  This was by far the easiest hiking on this trek and a relief after a hard day 2.  The heat was still cooking us and the bugs were steady in their pursuit of our blood.  We kept ourselves covered and well hydrated, though this section had long stretches without access to good water, which is challenging when the temperature is so high and the need for water is intense.  We found our campsite at Medas, and it was large and beautiful, but surrounded by tall, dead Jack Pines and very few good tent sites.  We ended up pitching our tents on an incline within feet of the lake to avoid any window makers coming down on us at night.  After dinner, a huge thunderstorm moved in and we huddled under the outer edge of a big pine canopy for safety as the lighting passed over us.

Camped close to the water on Medas Lake, trying to stay away from those Jack Pine widow makers.

Day 4, Medas Lake to the Fenberg Rd. Trailhead, 11.2 miles

I knew that the day would end with pizza and beer in Ely, and that is always a good motivation to get up and get going.  It had rained during the night and it was threatening to rain again as we hit the trail.  It was hot and steamy and all of the waist-high vegetation crowding the trail made us both soaking wet head to toe.  The bugs were vigorous, and the only relief was when it started to rain.  The net result was that we just kept moving and did 6 miles without once dropping our packs and taking a break.  When the rain stopped the bugs got worse, and Jim, who had been using some natural hippy-dippy bug juice combined with spruce boughs woven into his hat to keep the bugs at bay, was at his wit’s end and he finally broke down and asked me for my little vial of 100% DEET.  Better living through chemistry!  We made it to the car by mid-afternoon, and we were tired, stinky and completely soaked from head to toe, but the Kek was behind us and it was time to eat!

The Kek is thick with vegetation and it is often hard to see the trail.

Trail Conditions

For the most part, there were very few downed trees or other obstructions along the entire route.  The trail volunteers did an incredible job clearing the trail.  Getting the downed trees from the 2016 storm cleared from the trail was a herculean task, and what a difference a year makes.

Much of the trail is covered with vegetation and the tread is small and rough with rocks and roots that require near-constant attention if you want to avoid a fall. Some sections of the trail have a visible tread, but that is the exception and not the rule.  This trail is lightly used and there is still much work to do to widen out the shoulders and open up the track.  That said, it was surprisingly easy to follow and we only got off track a couple of times, but easily found our way back again.

The trail is completely blazed and marked with rock cairns and blue and pink ribbons from end to end.  This is especially helpful in areas where the trail becomes confusing and getting lost is more likely.  We had no significant issues with navigation, which is notable for a trail known to be hard to navigate.

Kudos to the groups that have volunteered to make this trail great again!

One of many stream crossing, this one required good balance.


We were able to find three great campsites on the trail, and I am aware of a few others from my 2018 attempt that were spectacular.  In my view, it is imperative to find a fantastic BWCA campsite while hiking BWCA trails because it’s the reward for working your way through the deep woods all day.

Some of the campsites along the trail need significant improvement, and I am sure that this is on the list of things to do for trail volunteers in coming years, and increased use of the trail will drive improvements to the campsites no doubt.

Notable Campsites – rated 1-10 (1- bad, 10 – great)

  • Bingshick Lake Campsite – 10
  • Howard Lake Campsite – 1
  • Gabichimigami Lake Campsite – 2
  • Agamok Bridge Campsite – 8
  • Strup Lake Campsite – 8
  • Medas Lake Campsite – 7
  • Disappointment Lake Campsite (first one off the spur trail from the Kek) – 10
  • Benezie Lake Campsite – 8

Trip Planning

Unless you are a glutton for punishment, four days is not the ideal amount of time to complete this trail.  Every mile on this trail is hard, and ten miles can easily feel like fifteen miles, especially when it is hot.  We agreed that five days to hike this trail would have been much better and that six days would be downright fat and sassy.  There are plenty of places to camp and explore on this route that we did not have the time to experience.  The tread on this trail is rough, and after six or seven miles of hiking, I really started to feel the impact on my feet.  I would have been happy to make camp if not for the mileage requirements of our four-day trip.

We also agreed that mid to late summer is not the ideal time to do this trail. Heat, bugs, and thick vegetation make a challenging trail much more so.  I can see this trail being a spectacular trek in the fall when temperatures are in the 50’s and 60’s and the leaves are turning colors.  One benefit of an early August trek on the Kek is that the blueberries and the raspberries were ripe and everywhere.  Every season has its charm.

We often found ourselves skirting wetlands.


Kekekabic Trail Guide

Jim purchased this trail guide from the Kekekabic Chapter of the North Country Trail Association for $17, and it served as our primary navigation tool.  The guide is broken up into 2.5-mile sections with narrative descriptions of each section, information on campsites, and maps at a 1:24,000 scale.

McKenzie Maps – #7, 8, & 9 

I purchased all three of the McKenzie Maps that cover the entire distance of this trail.  They are a bit bulky, especially if you need to have three of them to cover the entire route.  These maps provided 1:31,680 scale, they are water and tear-proof and detail the declination for each section. I do not recommend doing this trek without the entire map set.

Gaia GPS iPhone App

I used this app to track our progress on the trail and to compare our location to the maps.  This app has always shown itself to be remarkably accurate, and it tracks mileage, pace, elevation gain/loss and much more.  I use this app in airplane mode and download the trail map before leaving on a trip.

The Pocket Chainsaw packs up to about the size of a tin of snus.

Gear that Worked Best

Outdoor Research Echo Sun Hoody – The OR Echo Sun Hoody became the shirt I wore nearly the entire time I was hiking.  It provided me with much-needed protection from the sun while breathing enough to help me keep cool.  The polyester Airvent fabric dries quickly, and on this trip, I was always wet from sweat, rain or vegetation.  I had treated this shirt with permethrin and it did an excellent job keeping the bugs away. I used the hood most of the time while hiking to keep the mosquitos off the back of my neck and to dull the noise from a deer fly that kept buzzing around my head from the top of the Gunflint Trail to the Fenberg Rd.

Fjallraven Absiko Lite Zip-Off Trekking Pants I’ve had these pants for a few years now, and they are what I use in the warm summer months when keeping cool is the priority.  Made of lite G-100 fabric with back and side stretch-mesh panels, these zip-off trousers worked great on a trip in which they were always wet or damp while on the trail.  They dry quickly, they don’t hold water, they clip onto your boots laces, cinch around your ankles, and provide leg pockets for your map, compass, and phone.

Pocket Chainsaw – Jim brought a pocket chainsaw, which is a chainsaw chain with two roped handles rolled up neatly in a little tin can.  Once in camp and setting up the night’s wood for the campfire, Jim swung into action and cut some big logs quickly and with minimal grunting.  It was so quick and easy he never said, “it’s your turn.”

Fjallraven Keb Trekking Hat– I absolutely loved how this hat performed on a trip in which it was constantly wet.  I treated it with Permethrin and it provided a nice bug barrier for my head while wicking the moisture from my face.  It held up well in the rain and kept the water off my glasses. It’s made from Fjallraven’s G-1000 fabric with stretch mesh panels on each side, fits well, and performed in tough conditions.

Eagle Claw Trailmaster Fishing Rod and Case – Jim purchased this rod and case for the trip for about $45, and it proved to be quite a steal.  The kit comes with a four-piece fishing rod with a case that’s large enough to hold a fillet knife, some tackle, and a small spinning reel. but can easily strap to the back of a pack or be stuffed in a side pocket.  The rod has a nice action, and the entire set-up is light enough to warrant consideration as an option for any backpacking kit.

A nice spot to take a break on a hot afternoon.

Future of the Kekekabic Trail

Now that the Kekekabic Trail is part of the larger North Country Trail (NCT), which runs from Northern New York State to North Dakota, it may be that the popularity of this trail will increase.  At present, it is obvious that this is a lightly tracked trail, and the only other people we saw were canoeists crossing portages.

The NCT enters Minnesota at the Wisconsin border near Jay Cooke State Park and then follows the Superior Hiking Trail to the start of the Border Route Trail and then across on the Kekekabic toward trails yet to be developed.  I think that perhaps next fall, a trip on the Border Route from the top of the Gunflint to outside of Grand Marais will be in order.  One thing is for certain, I’ll be looking for cooler weather and will plan to give myself another day or two to keep my required daily mileage around seven miles.  It’s not a race and the best part of backpacking in the BWCA is simply being out there.

About the author

Erik Birkeland is an avid hiker with a backpacking problem, that is, he just can’t seem to get enough. Living in Duluth, Minnesota with the Superior Hiking Trail just outside his backdoor, daily hikes and weekend treks fill his free time while he contemplates the next big adventure. He has completed numerous backpacking trips into such diverse landscapes as Escalante, the Wind River Range, the Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness, the BWCA, Isle Royale National Park, and even Iceland. While he hasn’t gone the farthest, fastest, nor the ultra-lightest; he does aspire to establish as many trekking BKTs (best known times) as possible - meeting the wilderness as it is, by simply getting out there.
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  1. Any report on ticks? The overgrown vegetation along the trail seems like it could create plenty of opportunities for them to latch on.

    • Ticks aren’t so bad this late in the summer. I didn’t find any on me during this trip, but I’ve been going into the BWCA often since spring and have seen many ticks. I treat my clothes with permethrin and so far I’ve been able to avoid any tick borne illnesses… knock on wood.

  2. Thanks for the report. The thought of this trail seems to stick in my head and I now have a better idea of what it would be like.

    Do you on how the trail might be with a bit of snow in late April, very early May?

    • I actually work with a guy that did the Kek on snow during April in the 1970’s. He said that it wasn’t easy but he made it with an old external frame pack and wearing blue jeans (not recommended). I have not done it, but I think that this trail could be done in the winter or spring when snow is present if you ae in good shape and have the right gear.

  3. Your father and I really enjoyed reading about your trip Erik. We are proud of your love for the northland and your adventuresome spirit. Although your descriptions keep a mother in prayer for the safety of her hiking warrior, your writing is so descriptive we feel we are a bug on your shoulder enjoying the adventure with you! Stay safe out there and keep fanning the flames of your passion. Oh, and the photos are pretty great too! Your wannabe artist mom may have to paint a few! Blessings on your journey our son! Nana

  4. Erik, thank you for the great Kek article and hiking story! The Kekekabic Trail Chapter has really worked hard over the last several years to get the trail back in decent hiking condition and it’s quite rewarding to hear the trail is being used and the hiking is enjoyable. I leave on Thursday for a west to east hike and look forward to walking through those sections where I have helped with the trail clearing over the last couple years. Any one interested in joining a clearing trip next Spring can contact me through email at Thanks again!

  5. Great to know that the trail has been restored back to how I remember it before the blowdown. It was my first backpacking trip ever and in 1994 we thought 3 days was enough but ended up taking five. In august the mosquitos were relentless and the raspberries and blueberries were plentiful. I miss the peaceful silence of its forests and the sounds of the loons and wolves at night. Maybe someday I will visit the Kek again. Definitely a trail that teaches perseverance.

  6. This was my first solo hike as a college kid in 1977. I was young and thought anything was possible. But like many others I planned for a 3.5 day hike but ended up taking 5 days. The lessons I learned on that hike have stayed with me these past 40+ years. The confidence I gained as woman able to succeed alone in the wilderness has been priceless. I wear the “badge” of having completed the Kekekabic with honor.

  7. Bill, Bob, Merri Carol, Heidi, and Linda hiked the Kekekabic August 22-27. The insects were few. The weather was great… maybe a wee bit warm, the trail is frequently not foot friendly, but we had no trouble finding the trail. We did rely on Avenza maps! —>Significantly, we met Erik Birkland, wife, and daughter on the middle of the KEK. They used canoes to get to mid trail to do maintenance. THANKS! <— Our average age was 67 and our leader-planner was a petite 69 year-old woman. We kicked the KEK instead of getting KEK'ed by the KEK. It could have easily gone the other way. Two from Wisconsin and three from Michigan. We are members of the North Country Trail Association Hiawatha Shore to Shore Chapter, Jordan Valley 45 Chapter, and Chequamegon Chapter.

  8. Hi there, thank you for the trail trip report! I believe the answer is “no” but is there a way to start halfway on the trail? Knowing the area, I can’t imagine that there is, but just wanted to check in case I was missing something.

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