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Backpacking Mt Carrigain and Mt Nancy

Backpacking Mt Carrigain Mt Nancy

This trip has it all: great views, an epic ridge walk, a fire tower, two alpine lakes, moose habitat, waterfalls, and cascades. Mt Carrigain is at the geographic center of the White Mountains and on a clear day you can see over 30 of the other 4000 footers from its summit fire tower. From Carrigain, you’ll journey deep into the heart of Pemigewasset Wilderness before visiting two high elevation ponds at the foot of Mt Nancy. The site of the Nancy Brook Research Natural Area, the area surrounding the ponds is prime moose habitat and one of the largest tracts of virgin forest in New England. From there you have the option to climb Mt Nancy (3926′), a New England Hundred Highest Peak which has a fantastic view of Mt Washington and the Dry River Valley, before passing Nancy Cascades, a 300 waterfall that drops into a shallow pool where you can soak your feet on a hot day.

Carrigain Nancy

Download PDF Map


B4 - Toggle Open for Key


A: Less than 15 miles in distance

B: 15-20 miles

C: 20-25 miles

D: 25-30 miles or less

E: more than 30 miles

Elevation Gain

1: 3000 ft or less

2: 4000 ft or less

3: 5000 ft or less

4: 6000 ft or less

5: over 6000 ft

Distance/Elevation Gain

16 miles w/5300′ of cumulative elevation gain

White Mountain 4000 Footers

  • Mt Carrigain

Recommended Duration

2 days


June thru October

Permits Required



Backcountry Camping Regulations for the White Mountain National Forest.

No Fires in Nancy Brook Research Natural Area

New to the White Mountains? Read this Quick and Dirty Guide to Backpacking in the White Mountains for information about camping regulations, road access, trail shuttles, lodging, dangerous wildlife, weather, etc.

Trailhead Directions

  • Signal Ridge Trail Head, Sawyer Pond Rd – Sawyer River Road is a gravel forest service road, located 1.4 miles south of the Nancy Pond Trail head (directions below) on Rt 302. Drive up it 2 miles to the Signal Ridge Trail Head parking lot.
  • Nancy Pond Trail Head Parking, Rt 302


The Appalachian Mountain Club publishes the best maps for the White Mountains and I’d recommend buying the complete AMC White Mountain Waterproof Map Set. It contains three waterproof maps (2 regions per map) although you only need carry one or two on any trip. I also use GPS apps for navigating, but these maps contain relevant trail, shelter and topographic information that is often not included in electronic maps. More detailed trail descriptions can also be found in the AMC White Mountain Guide, which is considered the hiking bible for the region. It includes detailed driving directions to remote trailheads and is indipensible for navigating to them, especially when you're out of cell tower range. Take photos of the pages you need using your phone for easy reference, instead of carrying the entire book with you on hikes.

Navigation Apps

I also recommend purchasing a GPS Phone App such as Far Out's White Mountain National Forest Guide, which lists most of the trails, trailheads, shelters, campsites, views, and water sources in the White Mountains National Forest. GaiaGPS is another GPS Phone App, which is stronger in terms of topographic map coverage for the White Mountains but does not have as much information about trailheads, shelters, campsites, views, and water sources. I use both frequently.

Trail Sequence

The route follows the following trails in sequence.

  • Signal Ridge Trail – 5.3 miles
  • Desolation Trail – 1.9 miles
  • Carrigain Notch Trail 0.8 miles
  • Nancy Pond Trail – 7.1 miles
  • Mt Nancy Herd Path – 1.2 miles (roundtrip)

Scenic Highlights

The following list provides cumulative distances on the route to each view or landmark.

  • Signal Ridge – 4.8 miles
  • Carrigain Summit and Fire Tower – 5.2 miles
  • Carrigain Brook – 7.1 miles
  • Norcross Pond – 12.7 miles
  • Mt Nancy Summit – 13.3 miles
  • Nancy Pond – 14.5 miles
  • Nancy Cascades – 15.6 miles

Camping and Shelter Options

There aren’t any designated campsites on this route, so it’s all wild backcountry camping. Please observe the White Mountains Backcountry Camping Regulations and leave no trace. See How to Find a Dispersed Campsites for Backpacking for some tips on how to go about this.


Natural water sources are plentiful in the White Mountains although you may need to descend to them from ridgelines along side trails if you run short. In any case, carry a detailed topographic map with you and don’t rely on the overview map provided with this trip description to find water sources.

The Appalachian Mountain Clubs Huts are taking reservation in 2023. Contact the AMC for reservations and information at (Note: You don't have to stay in their facilities when hiking in the White Mountains.) All Randolph Mountain Club Cabins have reopened for 2023 on a first-come-first-serve basis.

I also recommend purchasing the WMNF Pemigewasset Wilderness Map in Guthook Guide’s New England Hiker Smartphone App (IOSAndroid) which is a GPS guide to all of the trails, trailhead, shelters, campsites, views, and water sources in the White Mountains National Forest. I use it all the time and it is much more complete and current than using the maps bundled with the Gaia Smartphone App.

Weather Advice

While the open ridge (Signal Ridge) below the Mt Carrigain fire tower is well-marked by rock cairns, it is highly exposed to bad weather and is best hiked on a clear day, when cloud cover does not obscure the view. I’d recommending postponing your hike if rain is in the forecast, and because the subsequent descent of the Desolation Trail becomes considerably more difficult when the rocks are wet. Snow also lingers in the Norcross and Nancy Pond areas well into spring, so I would not advise hiking this route until June, to avoid deep postholing and spruce traps.

On the Trail

The start of the trail climbs parallels Whiteface Brook, providing access to many fine swimming holes and cascades. The trail has been rerouted in recent years and is well blazed, making it easy to follow.

The Signal Ridge Trail becomes rocky and increasingly steep after the Carrigain Brook stream crossing
The Signal Ridge Trail becomes rocky and increasingly steep after the Carrigain Brook stream crossing

At 1.7 miles, you’ll come to a wide, but shallow stream crossing with Carrigain Brook, which is the last place to top of your water bottles until you reach the other side of Mt Carrigain, about 6 miles distant. While the brook is often rock-hoppable in low water, there’s a good chance that your shoes will get wet at other times of year.

Vose Spur (left) and Mt Lowell (right)
The avalanche scarred flanks of Mt Lowell (right).

The next 3.5 miles of trail leading to the summit of Carrigain are quite rocky and steep, so give yourself plenty of time to climb it. As you ascend, you will be able to catch glimpses of the avalanche-scarred face of Mt Lowell on the other side of Carrigan Notch to the east. At 4.8 miles, you’ll pop above treeline on Signal Ridge for a short stretch. There are a few good rocks to sit on here, so rest your legs, and admire the view.

Looking ahead, you’ll just be able to make out the first tower on the actual summit. Re-enter a short stretch of trees, and climb 200′ higher to the base of the fire tower. It’s accessed by a sturdy set of stairs and provides 360 degree views of the Whites. The views are really incredible from this point and you can easily spend an hour or more soaking them in. Hint: Bring a camera that shoots panorama photos.

Signal Ridge Trail seen from Mt Carrigain Fire Tower
Signal Ridge Trail seen from Mt Carrigain Fire Tower

Leave the tower via the Desolation Trail which  begins at the base of the fire tower and enters the Pemigewasset Wilderness. The first 1000 feet of the descent are quite steep and rocky, but the trail levels out nicely after than and becomes quite pleasant to hike. Take your time scrambling down the top of the trail though, sit on your butt to slide down when it’s warranted, and you’ll get down it without much trouble.

The Desolation Trail Sign is immediately to the north of the bottom of the Carrigain fire tower
The Desolation Trail Sign is immediately to the north of the bottom of the Carrigain fire tower

The Desolation Trail ends when it reaches Carrigain Brook and the well-signed Carrigan Notch Trail trail junction. Water is plentiful from this point forward on the route. Turn right onto the Carrigain Notch Trail for 0.8 miles, traveling towards the Nancy Brook Trail. This is a pretty stretch of trail that follows the old logging roads and skid ways that were used to harvest timber before the creation of the White Mountain National Forest.

Turn right onto the Carrigan Notch Trail, hiking towards Nancy Brook
Turn right onto the Carrigain Notch Trail, hiking towards the Nancy Pond Trail

Turn left onto the Nancy Pond Trail when you reach the trail junction, crossing three streams in quick succession. The surrounding area is the best place on this route in which to find a nice campsite. My advice would be to walk up one of these streams a few hundred yards and find yourself an open, secluded area to pitch your tent or shelter. This area is quite rich in wildlife, especially moose, so I’d avoid making camp directly adjacent to the streams where the animals cross them at night. This is easy to determine by examining the ground and surrounding vegetation and avoiding highly trafficked areas.

Norcross Pond is a high elevation pond located at 3120' of elevation
Norcross Pond is a high elevation pond at 3120′ of elevation

Continue along the Nancy Pond Trail, which climbs gradually to Norcross Pond at the foot of Mts Nancy and Anderson. The west end of the pond has some nice rocks to sit on and admire the view. If you look to the west, you’ll be able to see Franconia Ridge and the eastern face of Bondcliff and Mt Bond.

If you opt to climb Mt Nancy, it’s accessed by an unmarked and un-maintained side trail that’s easy to follow to the summit (it’s now a decommissioned hiking trail, but still used quite frequently.)

The herd path on the left leads to Mt Nancy
The herd path on the left leads to Mt Nancy

If you’re facing Norcross Pond, turn left and cross to the shore. From where you’re standing, you should see three paths. The rightmost one, closest to the shore, is the Nancy Pond Trail. To reach the Mt Nancy herd path, follow the leftmost path. You’ll know you’re on the correct path when you see a bare wooden board at head height near the bottom. The Forest Service posts a sign here warning people about the fines associated with illegal trail maintenance, but it’s frequently missing. The path is also encoded on the GeoPDF map and GPX file included above for this hike, which you can import into a GPS device or phone app like Gaia GPS.

View of Mt Washington and the Dry River Valley from the Mt Nancy Summit
View of Mt Washington and the Dry River Valley from the Mt Nancy Summit

The Mt Nancy herd path is a calf burner, climbing 850′ in 0.6 of a mile. But it’s easy to follow as it runs through forest, before climbing steeply next to (but not on) an avalanche slide, and then climbing again through spruce to a signed summit view. When you reach the summit, there’s great view of Mt Washington, the Oakes Gulf headwall, and the Dry River Valley which leads up to it.

The trail crosses many bog bridges across tannic water stained red by decomposing leaves and vegetation
The trail crosses many bog bridges across tannic water stained red by decomposing leaves and vegetation

To descend Mt Nancy, retrace your steps back to the beginning of the herd path and turn left onto the Nancy Pond Trail, which heads east along the shore of Norcross Pond. This section of trail travels over many bog bridges as it leaves Norcross Pond and passes smaller Nancy Pond, also on your right.

The Nancy Cascades is a 300 foot waterfall
The Nancy Cascades is a 300 foot waterfall

By this point, the trail runs along a stream on your left, colored a deep tannic red by decomposing leaves and vegetation. As the stream grows in size, it becomes a series of cascades culminating in a tall 300 foot waterfall named the Nancy Cascades. The trail turns right at the top of the waterfall and descends steeply along a series of switchbacks to the bottom of the falls, where you can leave the trail and scramble over rocks to a shallow pool at its base. Use caution here, because the water is falling from a great height and cause injury.

Nancy Brook stream crossing below the waterfall
Nancy Brook stream crossing below the waterfall

The Nancy Pond Trail continues on the right hand side of Nancy Brook for a short distance before a stream crossing, which may become difficult in high water. The trail climbs ascends after the crossing around an obstruction, passing the remains of an old mill building, before recrossing Nancy Brook in 0.6 of a mile.

The trail passes by the remains of an old mill building and other rusting industrial artifacts
The trail passes by the remains of an old mill building and other rusting industrial artifacts

The trail continues for another 1.6 miles through open forest over a series of gravel logging roads, until it ends at the Nancy Pond Trail head on Rt 302.

About the author

Philip Werner has hiked and backpacked over 10,000 miles in the United States and the UK and written over 3000 articles as the founder of, noted for its backpacking gear reviews and hiking FAQs. A devotee of New Hampshire and Maine hiking and backpacking, Philip has hiked all 650+ trails in the White Mountains twice and has completed 12 rounds of the 48 peaks on the White Mountains 4000 footer list with over 576 summits in all four seasons. He is the author of Backpacking the White Mountain 4000 Footers, a free online guidebook of the best backpacking trips in the White Mountains in New Hampshire and Maine. In addiiton, he's a volunteer hiking leader with the Appalachian Mountain Club and the Green Mountain Club, as well as a Master Educator for Leave No Trace. Click here to subscribe to the SectionHiker newsletter.

Safety Disclaimer

This trip plan can not alert you to every hazard, anticipate your experience, or limitations. Therefore, the descriptions of roads, trails, routes, shelters, tent sites, and natural features in this trip plan are not representations that a particular place or excursion will be safe for you or members of your party. When you follow any of the routes described on, you assume responsibility for your own safety. Under normal conditions, such excursions require the usual attention to traffic, road and trail conditions, weather, terrain, the capabilities of your party, and other factors. Always check for current conditions, obey posted signs, and Backcountry Camping and Wilderness Area Regulations. Hike Safe and follow the Hiker responsibility code. 

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  1. I don’t suggest you camp by the ponds. Bad LNT practice and too many people around anyway. You’ll never see any wildlife.

    • I had the best moose experience of my life camping up there. My dog, the moose, and I all hung out watching each other eat breakfast for nearly an hour before he wandered back into the woods. The ranger who came by another time was lenient with the 200′ rule, opting not to give us shit because we were out of site of the trail and using an already heavily impacted site.

      As far as there being no designated sites, did they get rid of the one just off the Carrigain summit?

    • I’m not tok keen on it, either. Aside from it being a terrible location, I would hate to haul the water. It’ll be a landing pad soon enough. Hooray.

      • I’m doing some beta on this loop. Always come to first of course…but I saw two different youtubers from earlier this spring show that site just below the summit and now has the tiny little plaque indicating it’s an approved FS site. Not sure how long that little plaque has been there.

      • There had been a wooden tent sign typical of a Wilderness site there for as long as I can remember. I didn’t realize it went missing or was removed at any point.

      • Looks like I’ll be doing a Carrigain loop counter clockwise solo in a a few days. I’ll try to get the coordinates and post them back after the trip. After reading up on Desolation I’d rather go up than down, especially as I’ll be solo. I read a lot of back and forth about the non potable water source in a thread that dated back 15 years or so. I figure that mustve been the source for water for the FS personnel back when the cabin existed (time frame ???) and could probably save a life in a pinch but I’ll be happy to carry filtered water from the base of the mountain.
        A lifetime ago I stayed at the Desolation Shelter but that is long gone now.

        • I’d appreciate it. The lat lon, and a photo of the sign or campsite if you get one.
          The water source was for the fire warden when Carrigain had a fire tower. I wouldn’t drink out of it.
          Have a nice hike. The weather is supposed to clear on Sunday and cool off.

  2. Ah, the Nancy Carrigain trip! Haha, get it?

  3. I did one of my very first backpacking trips in this area some 20 years ago. Your post brought back a lot of memories, thanks!

    • This is a beautiful, but very challenging loop! After finishing up, my hiking partner and I have some thoughts.

      First, after an epic and exhausting journey to the summit of Carrigan, we found the Desolation trail to be really brutal. It is basically a long scramble down a sheer face of rocks, made all the more difficult by carrying our overnight packs. We are in our early twenties and athletic but took a few hours getting down this chunk of the trail to stay safe, even though it was only 1.9 miles.

      Next, after making it to Nancy Pond Trail, we crossed all three streams (probably a 30-40 minute walk from the first to the last) and only really found one viable spot. It it accessed by a bushwhacked path that starts a couple hundred feet before the last stream on the left side of the trail. Most of the rest of the area around the trail is covered in downed trees, dense brush, and forest.

      On the second day, the terrain was still pretty intense. It is not immediately obvious when you reach Norcross Pond, as the trail over rock and stream, blocking its view. To continue straining on the trail is to approach the summit of Nancy. This is also quite a scramble and is pretty narrow. Best to leave your pack and head up unencumbered.

      Once you do find Nancy Pond Trail is it generally pretty easy follow. Would definitely recommend a dip in the pool at the bottom of the cascades! As you are approaching the end of the trail and rt 302 there is a juncture. An easy-to-miss arrow nailed to a tree points you to the right towards the Nancy Pond parking area.

      Finally, it’s important to note that the walk from the Nancy Pond parking back to Signal Ridge is about 3.3 miles, bringing the mileage for the complete loop to 19.6 miles. If you have two cars, perhaps consider leaving one at each trailhead. The first mile or so of the hike back is on the side of the highway while the rest is entirely uphill on a dirt road. We opted to leave our packs at the Nancy Pond parking and picked them up once we got back to our car. This took about an hour.

      All of that being said, we especially enjoyed some of the great views and interesting flora and fauna (lots of toads and cool mushrooms)!

      • Glad you “enjoyed” it. It was also very hot and humid this past week which made backpacking anything, let alone a 4000 footer very challenging. But the trail conditions you describe are actually pretty normal in the whites. Would you believe that the last time I did this loop was in the snow in April. I thought that was challenging

      • Thanks for the additional info, Grace. When did you hike? I am considering this hike with my son on Aug 20-21, 2023

  4. Thank you for the information!

    Coming to hike this in two weeks from Pennsylvania, so very excited and fingers crossed for good weather!

  5. I just did this trip. There is now a designated tent site 50 yards or so from the summit. It’s not as nice as I would have expected but still a nice spot. There is reliable water between 3- 4 miles up on Signal Ridge. On the left hand side of the trail a spring constantly runs, three times even during a dry spell it has provided water. Lastly, some borderlinecstealth sites exist near the brook both before and after you cross it while coming down Desolation. The ones prior to crossing are more than enough distance from the trail downstream but probably a little close to the brook, but are kind of hidden out of view from the trail above on the other side. Overall, an epic trip!

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